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The introductory it pattern in academic writing by non-native-speaker students, native-speaker students and published writers: A corpus-based study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Description
Abstract [en]

The present compilation thesis investigates the use of a pattern that is commonly found in academic writing, namely the introductory it pattern (e.g. it is interesting to note the difference). The main aim is to shed further light on the formal and functional characteristics of the pattern in academic writing. When relevant, the thesis also investigates functionally related constructions. The focus is on learner use, but reference corpora of published writing and non-native-speaker student writing have also been utilized for comparison. The thesis encompasses an introductory survey (a “kappa”) and four articles.

The material comes from six different corpora: ALEC, BATMAT, BAWE, LOCRA, MICUSP and VESPA. Factors such as native-speaker status, discipline, level of achievement (lower-graded vs. higher-graded texts) and level of expertise in academic writing are investigated in the articles. In more detail, Articles 1 and 2 examine the formal (syntactic) characteristics of the introductory it pattern. The pattern is studied using modified versions of two previous syntactic classifications. Articles 3 and 4 investigate the functional characteristics of the pattern. In Article 3, a functional classification is developed and used to categorize the instances. Article 4 examines the stance-marking function of the pattern in relation to functionally related constructions (e.g. stance adverbs such as possibly and stance noun + prepositional phrase combinations like the possibility of).

The introductory it pattern was found to be relatively invariable in the sense that a small set of formal and functional realizations made up the bulk of the tokens. The learners, especially those whose texts received a lower grade, made particularly frequent use of high-frequency realizations of the pattern. The thesis highlights the importance of not limiting investigations of this kind to comparisons across native-speaker status, as this is only one of the several factors that can influence the distribution. By exploring the potential importance of many different factors from both a formal and a functional perspective, the thesis paints a more complete picture of the introductory it pattern in academic writing, of use in, for instance, second-language instruction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of English, Uppsala University , 2016. , p. 85
Keyword [en]
The introductory it pattern, stance markers, non-native-speaker students, native-speaker students, published expert writing, learner language, corpus linguistics
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
English
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305735ISBN: 978-91-506-2606-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-305735DiVA, id: diva2:1039063
Public defence
2016-12-17, Ihresalen, Thunbergsvägen 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-25 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2018-01-14
List of papers
1. A syntactic analysis of the introductory it pattern in non-native-speaker and native-speaker student writing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A syntactic analysis of the introductory it pattern in non-native-speaker and native-speaker student writing
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Accepted
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305732 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2018-01-14
2. The introductory it pattern: Variability explored in learner and expert writing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The introductory it pattern: Variability explored in learner and expert writing
2016 (English)In: Journal of English for Academic Purposes, ISSN 1475-1585, E-ISSN 1878-1497, Vol. 22, p. 64-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
The introductory 'it' pattern; variability; expert writing; L2 writing; academic discourse; corpus-based research.
National Category
Humanities and the Arts General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
English; Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-276319 (URN)10.1016/j.jeap.2016.01.007 (DOI)000377926900008 ()
Available from: 2016-02-11 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2018-01-10
3. A functional classification of the introductory it pattern: Investigating academic writing by non-native-speaker and native-speaker students
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A functional classification of the introductory it pattern: Investigating academic writing by non-native-speaker and native-speaker students
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305733 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2018-01-14
4. The importance of, it is important that or importantly?: The use of morphologically related stance markers in learner and expert writing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of, it is important that or importantly?: The use of morphologically related stance markers in learner and expert writing
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, ISSN 1384-6655, E-ISSN 1569-9811, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 57-84Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The ability to successfully position oneself in relation to one’s claims through the use of stance markers is of central importance for academic writers. This study, which uses data from one expert corpus (LOCRA) and three learner corpora (ALEC, VESPA and BATMAT), investigates the use of morphologically related stance markers that occur in different syntactic constructions (such as possibly, the possibility of and it is possible that). In doing so, it examines to what extent lexis, level of expertise in academic writing and L1 transfer influence the distribution of the different realizations of stance under investigation. The results show that all three variables are important predictors. In addition, differences pertaining to information structure are found to influence the distribution of two largely synonymous constructions (disjuncts and the introductory it pattern). The findings suggest that there are principled explanations for why one construction is used instead of another functionally similar construction.

Keyword
L2 writing; published expert writing; stance marking; the introductory it pattern; disjuncts
National Category
Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305734 (URN)10.1075/ijcl.22.1.03lar (DOI)000407568900003 ()
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2018-01-14Bibliographically approved

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