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Detection and Tracking of Human Targets using Ultra-Wideband Radar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Signals and Systems Group.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to assess the plausibility of using two Ultra- Wideband radars for detecting and tracking human targets. The detection has been performed by two different types of methods, constant false-alarm rate methods and a type of CLEAN algorithm. For tracking the targets, multiple hypothesis tracking has been studied. Particle filtering has been used for the state prediction, considering a significant amount of uncertainty in a motion model used in this thesis project. The detection and tracking methods have been implemented in MATLAB. Tracking in the cases of a single target and multiple targets has been investigated in simulation and experiment. The simulation results in these cases were compared with accurate ground truth data obtained using a VICON optical tracking system. The detection methods showed poor performance when using data that had been collected by the two radars and post-processed to enhance target features. For single targets, the detections were accurate enough to continuously track a target moving randomly in a controlled area. In the multiple target cases the tracker was not able to distinguish the multiple moving subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 59 p.
Series
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 16058
Keyword [en]
Ultra-Wideband Radar, Constant false-alarm rate, Multiple Hypothesis Tracking, Tracking, Detection
National Category
Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-305427DiVA: diva2:1037745
Educational program
Master Programme in Engineering Physics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-18 Created: 2016-10-17 Last updated: 2016-10-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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