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Discursos profesionales sobre la violencia del compañero íntimo: implicación en la atención de las mujeres inmigrantes en España
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. b Grupo de Investigación en Salud Pública, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Espa˜na.
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2016 (Spanish)In: Gaceta Sanitaria, ISSN 0213-9111, E-ISSN 1578-1283, Vol. 30, no 5, 326-332 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: 1) to examine the discourses of professionals involved in the care of female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), with emphasis on how they describe the immigrant women, the perpetrators and their own responsibility of care; and 2) to compare these discourses with the other professions involved in caring for these women (social services, associations and police and justice). Methods: Qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with 43 professionals from social services, associations and the police and judicial systems. A discourse analysis was carried out to identify interpretive repertoires about IPV, immigrant women and their aggressors, their culture and professional practices. Results: Four interpretive repertoires emerged from professional discourses: "Cultural prototypes of women affected by IPV", "Perpetrators are similar regardless of their culture of origin", "Are victims credible and the perpetrators responsible?" and "Lack of cultural sensitivity of professionals in helping immigrant women in abusive situations". These repertoires correspond to preconceptions that professionals construct about affected women and their perpetrators, the credibility and responsibility they attribute to them and the interpretation of their professional roles. Conclusions: The employment of IPV-trained cultural mediators in the services responsible for caring for the female victims, together with cultural training for the professionals, will facilitate the provision of culturally sensitive care to immigrant female victims of intimate partner violence. (C) 2016 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U.

Abstract [es]

Objetivo: 1) Explorar los discursos de los/las profesionales implicados/as en la atención a las mujeres que sufren violencia del compañero íntimo en cuanto a cómo describen a las mujeres inmigrantes afectadas, los agresores y su propia responsabilidad en la atención a este problema, y 2) comparar estos discursos entre los diferentes grupos profesionales implicados en la atención a dichas mujeres (servicios sociales, asociaciones y policial judicial).

Métodos: Estudio cualitativo basado en entrevistas semiestructuradas a 43 profesionales de servicios sociales, asociaciones y ámbitos policial y judicial. Se realizó un análisis del discurso para identificar repertorios interpretativos sobre la violencia del compañero íntimo, las mujeres inmigrantes y sus agresores, su cultura y las prácticas profesionales.

Resultados: Emergieron cuatro repertorios interpretativos en los discursos profesionales: «Prototipos culturales de mujeres afectadas por violencia del compañero íntimo», «Los agresores son similares independientemente de su cultura de origen», «¿Son las víctimas creíbles y los agresores responsables?» y «Falta de sensibilidad cultural de los/las profesionales para ayudar a las mujeres inmigrantes en situación de maltrato». Estos repertorios corresponden a los prototipos que los/las profesionales construyen de las mujeres afectadas y de sus agresores, la credibilidad y la responsabilidad que les atribuyen, y la interpretación de su propio rol profesional.

Conclusiones: La presencia de mediadores culturales con formación específica sobre violencia del compañero íntimo en los servicios implicados en la atención a las mujeres que la sufren, junto a la formación en competencias culturales de los/las profesionales, contribuirían a proporcionar una atención culturalmente sensible a las mujeres inmigrantes afectadas por violencia del compañero íntimo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 5, 326-332 p.
Keyword [en]
Intimate partner violence, Abused women, Immigrants, Professional role, Qualitative research
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126363DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.04.022ISI: 000382512200002PubMedID: 27353972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126363DiVA: diva2:1037523
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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