Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Non-problematic Situations in Social Workers’ and GPs’ Practice
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2016 (English)In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to describe and analyze written accounts of non-problem- atic situations by 28 social workers and 24 general practitioners (GPs). The results show that non-problematic situations were connected to professionals’ control of the intervention process. Non-problematic situations were described by social workers as situations where they had control of the relationship with the client either by the use of coercive means or by the client’s active cooperation. GPs referred to non- problematic situations as situations where they had control of the intervention pro- cess mainly by the use of professional knowledge. One main conclusion is that the ability to control the intervention process through control of the relationship with the client may be of significance to those professions where a central part of the profes- sional jurisdiction involves changing clients’ behaviors. This conclusion means that professional knowledge is not the only way to control the professional intervention process. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 3
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126826DOI: 10.7577/pp.1520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126826DiVA: diva2:1037453
Available from: 2016-10-15 Created: 2016-10-15 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Professionsutövning och kunskapsstyrning: en jämförelse av socialarbetares och allmänläkares klientarbete
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professionsutövning och kunskapsstyrning: en jämförelse av socialarbetares och allmänläkares klientarbete
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study whether the Swedish state’s efforts to govern the professional practice of social workers (SWs) by knowledge to achieve an evidence-based practice, address the difficulties that SWs encounter in their practice. The Swedish state’s ambition is to govern the practice of social work by ideas and methods originating from medicine. The thesis therefore compares, through four different studies, the professional practice of SWs with general practitioners (GPs) as the most comparable sub-profession in medicine. The research questions that the thesis seeks to answer are:

  • What situations are perceived as problematic and non-problematic by SWs and GPs?

  • How does the professionals’ relationship with clients affect the performative aspects of these occupations’ enactment of their practice?

  • How do SW and GPs experience the state’s efforts to govern their professional practice by knowledge?

  • What problems can arise when the Swedish state builds its knowledge governance of social work practice on a comparison with medicine, even though these professional fields exhibit a number of important differences?

The empirical material in the first and second studies consists of 52 narratives, written by SWs and GPs on problematic and non-problematic situations. The third study is based on vignette-based focus group interviews with 25 SWs and GPs. And the fourth study is based on a literature review, consisting of 54 articles about SWs’ and GPs’ practice.

A first finding is that professionals rarely describe lack of knowledge or difficulties with knowledge use as problematic. A second finding is that non-problematic situations are connected to professionals’ control of the intervention process. SWs gained control of the relationship with the client either by use of coercive means or by the client’s active co-operation. GPs gained control of the intervention process by the use of professional knowledge. A third finding is that an understanding of professional practice as a linear process consisting of diagnosis, inference and treatment reflects GPs’ practice but not all aspects of SWs’ practice. A fourth finding is that both professions hold ambivalent positions towards evidence-based risk reductions technologies. The responses towards organisational risk reductions technologies differ in that GPs are sceptical, whilst SWs take a more pragmatic view.

A main conclusion is that the Swedish state’s efforts to govern the performative aspects of SWs’ practice by knowledge, runs the risk of becoming a insufficient strategy since they tend to exhibit two main blind spots. The first is that these efforts tend to ignore that the relationship with the client has a crucial affect on and conditions SWs’ and in problematic situations also GPs’ knowledge use. The second is that the efforts also tend to ignore that control of the intervention process is not always maintained through control of knowledge use. For SWs control of the relationship with clients represents another mode of professional control of the intervention process. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. 128 p.
Series
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 84
Keyword
Social workers, GPs, performative aspects of professional practice, relationship with clients, welfare state, knowledge governance, EBP
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127145 (URN)978-91-7601-598-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-25, Hörsal B, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Hur använder socialarbetare och allmänläkare kunskap i praktiken?, FAS/FORTE dnr 2009-0251
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, dnr 2009-0251
Available from: 2016-11-04 Created: 2016-11-01 Last updated: 2016-11-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(785 kB)12 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 785 kBChecksum SHA-512
c5c11addfdcdbcd9672a3cb7c325e5e188c7ca9215856541680673d1e7e02c9a1e79d4e19e077aa4b4fd608b41fa033b26dc2d2bc52c1a72a6f75afa01860ac7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rexvid, DevinEvertsson, Lars
By organisation
Department of Social Work
In the same journal
Professions & Professionalism
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 12 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 19 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link