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Refugee trauma measurement: a review of existing checklists
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Public Health and Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0970-0436
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Public Health and Medicine. Karolinska Institutet / Swedish Red Cross Treatment Center for Persons Affected by War and Torture.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9836-5336
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Public Health and Medicine. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6138-6427
Karolinska Institutet.
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2016 (English)In: Public Health Reviews, ISSN 0301-0422, E-ISSN 2107-6952, Vol. 37, 10Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies have shown that a high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs). PTEs, including torture, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports a review of refugee trauma history self-report measures used in population studies.

Methods

A review of existing instruments and checklists, up to September 2015, was performed.

Results

The types of measures for refugee trauma history vary from semi-structured interviews and medical records to extensive multi-item trauma-checklists. The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) was the most commonly used instrument for measuring trauma history among refugee populations. Few checklists included PTEs during the flight.

Conclusion

Trauma history checklists are often used as a tool to control for background variables when studying refugees’ mental health and have mostly been developed in clinical or semi-clinical settings. There is a need for acceptable, reliable and valid brief checklists for measuring trauma in refugees, for the purpose of performing larger scale population studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 37, 10
Keyword [en]
Refugee trauma, Review, Trauma checklist, Review of trauma instruments
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2292DOI: 10.1186/s40985-016-0024-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2292DiVA: diva2:1037332
Funder
Swedish Red Cross
Available from: 2016-10-14 Created: 2016-10-14 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Sigvardsdotter, ErikaMalm, AndreasTinghög, PetterSaboonchi, Fredrik
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