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Resistance Training in People at Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes and Their Experience of Health-Related Quality of Life
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-5688
Faculty of Education, Nord University, Levanger, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6558-3129
2016 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, Vol. 8, 1323-1334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background : Research indicates an association between impaired glucose metabolismand overweight, a serious public health problem involving an increased risk ofType 2 diabetes, related hypertension, and a reduced quality of life. Aim: The firstaim is to assess different dimensions of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) inoverweight individuals at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to a normalpopulation. The second aim is to examine the impact of resistance training on thepre-post HRQoL dimension scores of the intervention group. Methods : Eighteenparticipants were randomly assigned to one of the two resistance training groups.Group 1 engaged in supervised maximal resistance training (Bernstein inverted pyramidsystem: 5× 3 - 4, 60% - 85% of 1 Repetition Maximum (RM)), three days/weekover four months, and Group 2 performed endurance resistance training (includinglower weight loads and more repetitions over four months). The intervention consistedof eight exercises involving the entire body. The subjects completed theShort-Form Health Survey (SF-36) on HRQoL. The HRQoL scores of the norm populationwere higher than those of people at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, andresistance training seemed to have a limited significant positive effect on the differentHRQoL dimensions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 8, 1323-1334 p.
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29098DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.813133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29098DiVA: diva2:1037128
Projects
EU-program Interreg III A
Available from: 2016-10-13 Created: 2016-10-13 Last updated: 2016-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Hansen, ElisabethVinberg, StigLandstad, Bodil
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