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Hearing thresholds, tinnitus, and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old children
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Audiological Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences / Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (HEAD Graduate School)
Audiological Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences / Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Audiological Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences / Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
School of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 55, no 10, 587-596 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Investigate hearing function and headphone listening habits in nine-year-old Swedish children. Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted and included otoscopy, tympanometry, pure-tone audiometry, and spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAE). A questionnaire was used to evaluate headphone listening habits, tinnitus, and hyperacusis. Study sample: A total of 415 children aged nine years. Results: The prevalence of a hearing threshold20dB HL at one or several frequencies was 53%, and the hearing thresholds at 6 and 8kHz were higher than those at the low and mid frequencies. SOAEs were observed in 35% of the children, and the prevalence of tinnitus was 5.3%. No significant relationship between SOAE and tinnitus was found. Pure-tone audiometry showed poorer hearing thresholds in children with tinnitus and in children who regularly listened with headphones. Conclusion: The present study of hearing, listening habits, and tinnitus in nine-year old children is, to our knowledge, the largest study so far. The main findings were that hearing thresholds in the right ear were poorer in children who used headphones than in children not using them, which could be interpreted as headphone listening may have negative consequences to childrens hearing. Children with tinnitus showed poorer hearing thresholds compared to children without tinnitus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016. Vol. 55, no 10, 587-596 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, hearing loss, hearing threshold, listening habits, portable music players, SOAE, tinnitus, tympanometry
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131918DOI: 10.1080/14992027.2016.1190871ISI: 000382980300008PubMedID: 27329351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131918DiVA: diva2:1034819
Note

Funding Agencies|Artists and Musicians Against Tinnitus (AMMOT); AFA insurance company

Available from: 2016-10-13 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Båsjö, Sara
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