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Encountering, regulating and resisting different forms of children’s and young people’s mobile exclusion in urban public space
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on different forms of exclusion specifically related to the mobility of children in Japan by examining the role of their parents as gatekeepers and existing systems of protection and control as producers, regulators and organizers of their mobilities.

Article I examines the everyday feelings of exclusion experienced by immigrant parents of preschool aged children in public park playgrounds in Tokyo. These parental feelings of exclusion arose from unsuccessful encounters between children, in part due to visible bodily differences. The article argues that this sense of exclusion is socially problematic as immigrant parents turn away from local public space mobilities towards virtual mobilities in online play dates with their countries of origin, and focus more on private home centered play through a style of self-segregation as coping techniques.

Article II focuses on school based systems of protection and attitudes of parental protection in Kanagawa regarding stranger danger. These systems involve processes utilizing a visual pedagogy in which the stranger becomes known and is read as being ‘out of place’ in public space if their corporeal appearance transgresses a ‘regime of visuality’ through a form of networked regulation. The article argues that these systems and attitudes are creating a self-perpetuating embedded narrative of excessive risk and fear which impacts negatively on children’s independent mobility and is socially counterproductive in public space.

Article III focuses on a controversially redeveloped urban park in Tokyo where factors such as ‘pay to play’ access to sports amenities and heavy rule sets are in place to regulate the space. The article illuminates contradictions which arose between the official redevelopment discourse and what then ultimately unfolded socially on the ground. It argues that the current park structures limit children’s and young people’s everyday access and mobilities, and further, that they direct their focus towards resisting adult structures.

The combined findings of the thesis are that opportunities must be taken and implemented across parental, institutional and official scales to promote the everyday mobilities of children in urban public space in order to prevent them becoming mobile and political anomalies in public.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Social and Economic Geography , 2016. , 102 p.
Series
Geographica, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 11
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304785ISBN: 978-91-506-2602-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304785DiVA: diva2:1034001
Public defence
2016-11-25, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-07 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2016-11-07
List of papers
1. Regulating Fear: The Processes of Creating ‘Stranger Danger’ and Their Impact on Japanese Children’s Urban Public Space Mobilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regulating Fear: The Processes of Creating ‘Stranger Danger’ and Their Impact on Japanese Children’s Urban Public Space Mobilities
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article argues that school based systems of protection and attitudes of parental protection regarding stranger danger in parks and urban public space in Kanagawa Japan are creating a self-perpetuating embedded narrative of excessive risk and fear. It argues that this narrative is impacting negatively on children’s independent mobility and is socially counterproductive.  The systems and attitudes of protection examined are 1. Teaching the dangers of strangers and the ‘reading’ of strangers by police in school based classes with elementary aged children 2.  The real time reporting/mapping of strangers deemed to be suspicious in parks and public space through a school based network. These systems involve  processes using a ‘visual pedagogy’  in which   the stranger becomes known and is read as being ‘out of place’ in public space  if their corporeal appearance transgresses a  ‘regime of visuality’.   The article draws on qualitative fieldwork primarily undertaken with parents and teachers at an urban school located in Kanagawa Japan.

Keyword
children, parents, public space, stranger danger, urban
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304783 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2016-10-10
2. Creeping Forms of Children’s and Young People’s Exclusion in Public Space: ‘Pay to Play’ Redevelopment on a Tokyo Park
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creeping Forms of Children’s and Young People’s Exclusion in Public Space: ‘Pay to Play’ Redevelopment on a Tokyo Park
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper argues that children and young people in the Shibuya Ward of Tokyo are being excluded and that their real and potential everyday mobilities are negatively impacted upon through an ongoing process where the ‘publicness’ of public space is atrophying. Miyashita Park is the examined fieldwork location which saw a redevelopment occur under a controversial naming rights deal between Nike Japan Corporation and the local authority for Shibuya Ward. The article examines the negative impacts on children’s everyday activity through park restrictions and imposed immobility due to factors such as ‘pay to play’ access to sports amenities and heavy rule sets.   The paper illuminates contradictions which arose between the official redevelopment discourse for the park and what then ultimately unfolded on the ground. 

Keyword
exclusion, park, public space, redevelopment, resistance
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304784 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2016-10-10
3. ‘‘Some Type of Force Field’’: Immigrant Parents Everyday Encounters with Exclusion and Turns Away from Public Space Mobilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘‘Some Type of Force Field’’: Immigrant Parents Everyday Encounters with Exclusion and Turns Away from Public Space Mobilities
2016 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the everyday feelings of   exclusion experienced by immigrant parents of preschool aged children in public park playgrounds in Tokyo.   These parental feelings of exclusion arose from unsuccessful social encounters and play interactions between children which were perceived to arise due to visible bodily differences. The paper argues that this sense of exclusion is socially problematic as immigrant parents feel negative emotions when using public playgrounds, turn away from local public space mobilities towards online play  dates with their countries of origin, and  focus more on private home centered play through  a style of self-segregation as coping techniques. 

101 p.
Keyword
difference, encounter, exclusion, parent, public space
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304780 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2016-10-10

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