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Sanctions Reconsidered: the Path Forward with North Korea
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5426-8238
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7495-055X
2016 (English)In: The Washington quarterly, ISSN 0163-660X, E-ISSN 1530-9177, Vol. 39, no 3, 61-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There have been regular predictions of North Korea’s imminent collapse. Yet, by adapting to changing circumstances, and finding new supply lines and revenue streams, the state has managed to bypass an increasingly strict sanctions regime aimed at rolling back its nuclear program. This article details the economic flows that continue to keep North Korea alive, against all odds, but argued that these areas are difficult to target as even “smart sanctions” are highly likely to have a range of adverse effects on the wider population. That said, this article recommends continued monitoring of the arms trade, and measures to squeeze the court economy and to target remittances from exported laborers. Yet such efforts have to be combined with a smarter diplomacy built on engagement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 39, no 3, 61-76 p.
Keyword [en]
North Korea, Sanctions, DPRK, Smart Sanctions, Smart Diplomacy, Diplomacy, Nuclear proliferations, economic survival, revenue streams, economy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap; Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6324DOI: 10.1080/0163660X.2016.1232635ISI: 000385836200003OAI: diva2:1033796
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2013.0162
Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2017-01-03Bibliographically approved

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