Visual assessment of perfusion and metabolism in neurodegenerative dementia
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
A worldwide demographic shift is currently occurring, with rapidly increasing numbers of elderly individuals. Since the incidence of neurodegenerative disease generally increases with age, this entails an increase in dementia prevalence. There are several strong incentives for establishing robust and widely available imaging methods for the early diagnosis of these diseases. Atrophy patterns are evident only late in the disease process, and the distinction from healthy ageing can often be elusive. For early diagnosis, physiologic parameters such as perfusion or metabolism must be assessed. The available modalities all have restricted clinical usefulness. The main aim of this thesis was to advance the clinical usefulness of perfusion and metabolism imaging in patients with neurodegenerative dementia, with a focus on visual assessment.
A cohort of patients with neurodegenerative dementia was included, along with an age-matched control group. All subjects underwent MRI, including a pseudocontinuous ASL sequence and FDG-PET. In papers II and III, a subgroup containing both patients and controls underwent a second FDG-PET with reduced dose. In paper IV, the material was combined with a similar cohort from Amsterdam.
Paper I showed that spatial smoothing increased the correlation between visually assessed perfusion and metabolism levels as displayed with FDG-PET. However, the distinction between patients and healthy controls was less satisfactory due to false positives.
Paper II showed that differences in regional standard uptake value ratios between normal- and low-dose FDG-PET were small and without clinically significant bias.
Paper III showed that the diagnostic performance of Z-score maps showing regions of significant deficits in metabolism was highly similar in normal- and low-dose FDG-PET images.
Paper IV showed that ASL perfusion-based Z-score maps can be used for diagnostic purposes with high specificity, but inferior sensitivity, compared to FDG-PET.
In conclusion, the included studies address aspects of the visual assessment of perfusion and metabolism neuroimaging, with a focus on clinical usefulness in diagnosing neurodegenerative dementia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 65 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1266
Dementia, Neurodegenerative, Brain imaging, Diagnostics, Neuroradiology, Neuroimaging
Demens, Neurodegenerativ, Hjärnavbildning, diagnostik, Neuroradiologi, Neuroimaging
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Research subject Radiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304731ISBN: 978-91-554-9714-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304731DiVA: diva2:1033714
2016-12-07, Gunnesalen, Akademiska Sjukhuset, ing 10, 751 85, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Law, Ian, Professor
Larsson, Elna-Marie, ProfessorKilander, Lena, UniversitetslektorLubberink, Mark, Adj. Professor
List of papers