Immunopathology of the Pancreas in Type 1 Diabetes
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from a loss of functional insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. The etiology of T1D is poorly understood, but the detection of infiltrating inflammatory cells in the pancreas and circulating autoantibodies has led to the common notion that an autoimmune process plays a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease.
The aim of this doctoral thesis was to assess various aspects of the immunopathology of type 1 diabetes. To this purpose, studies have been conducted on pancreatic material from the Network for Pancreatic Organ Donors with Diabetes (nPOD) collection, the Nordic Network for Islet Transplantation, and the Diabetes Virus Detection (DiViD) study.
Paper I is a study on pancreatic tissue from organ donors with varying duration of T1D as well as non-diabetic donors and subjects with other types of diabetes, in which persistent expression of glucose transporters was shown on the beta cell membrane despite several years of T1D. Glucose transporter 1 was also confirmed as the predominant glucose transporter on human pancreatic islets. In paper II, we report on signs of inflammation in the exocrine but not in the endocrine pancreas in non-diabetic organ donors with diabetes-related autoantibodies, suggesting that diabetes-associated autoantibodies can occur in response to unspecific pancreatic lesions.
Paper III aimed to characterize the T cell-infiltration of pancreatic islets in material from recent-onset T1D patients. Insulitis was shown in all subjects, but with distinct differences in expression analysis of T- and B cell activation to cell-mediated allorejected kidney transplant. Also Paper IV was conducted on material from recent-onset cases and showed increased islet glucagon content, in combination with a reduced number of islets but sustained mean islet size.
Together, these results provide expansion of our knowledge of the immunopathology in T1D, and will hopefully assist in bringing us towards a deeper understanding of T1D aetiology and eventually an effective cure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 53 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1263
Type 1 diabetes, glucagon, T cells, autoantibodies, glucose transporters, islets of Langerhans, pancreas
Endocrinology and Diabetes Immunology in the medical area
Research subject Clinical Immunology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304621ISBN: 978-91-554-9711-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304621DiVA: diva2:1033235
2016-11-24, Rudbecksalen, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 20, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Lernmark, Åke, Professor
Korsgren, OlleSkog, Oskar
List of papers