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Esotericism and the Scholastic Imagination: The Origins of Esoteric Practice in Christian Kataphatic Spirituality
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. (Religionshistoria)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9944-1241
2016 (English)In: Correspondences: Online Journal for the Academic Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 2053-7158, Vol. 4, 1-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Scholars agree that the imagination is central to esoteric practice. While the esoteric vis imaginativa is usually attributed to the influx of Neoplatonism in the Italian Renaissance, this article argues that many of its key properties were already in place in medieval scholasticism. Two aspects of the history of the imagination are discussed. First, it is argued that esoteric practice is rooted in a broader kataphatic trend within Christian spirituality that explodes in the popular devotion literature of the later Middle Ages. By looking at the role of Bonaventure’s “cognitive theology” in the popularization of gospel meditations and kataphatic devotional prayer, it is argued that there is a direct link between the scholastic reconsideration of theimaginative faculty and the development of esoteric practices inspired by Christian devotional literature. Secondly, it is argued that the Aristotelian inner sense tradition of the scholastics left a lasting impression on later esoteric conceptualizations of the imaginative faculty. Examples suggesting evidence for both these two claims are discussed. The article proposes to view esoteric practices as an integral part of a broader kataphatic stream in European religious history, separated out by a set of disjunctive strategies rooted in the policing of “orthopraxy” by ecclesiastical authorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, 2016. Vol. 4, 1-34 p.
Keyword [en]
esotericism, scholasticism, imagination, kataphatic practice, the inner senses, illumination, heteropraxy
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History of Religion; History of Ideas
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134361OAI: diva2:1033106
Available from: 2016-10-05 Created: 2016-10-05 Last updated: 2016-10-05Bibliographically approved

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