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Sweden’s foreign aid in Afghanistan from an environmental perspective
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Afghanistan has been in armed conflict for over 30 years. The many wars have severely affected the environment negatively. Sweden has between 2010-2015 been allocating 4,7 billion SEK in foreign aid to Afghanistan. This is a qualitative study with the purpose to critically analyse how this foreign aid has contributed to a sustainable environmental development in Afghanistan. To be able to answer this question a review of projects documents and Sida assessment was conducted. This was then supplemented by interviews with 14 people who in different ways had been working with these issues. In the analysis theories connecting to environment, poverty and conflict have been used.

Sida is supporting two types of foreign aid in Afghanistan; humanitarian aid and development aid. The study found that the Sida’s humanitarian work in Afghanistan has a clear focus on environmental issues, whereas the development aid overall where lacking a focus on environmental issues. The larger focus within the humanitarian aid was explained by that environmental consideration is a part of the Sida’s strategy for the humanitarian aid in Afghanistan and humanitarian aid’s natural connection to environment, in for instance natural disasters. The lack of environmental focus within the development aid was found to have three explanations; the strategy did not have an environmental focus, the staff lacked the necessary environmental knowledge and environmental issues was not believed to be prioritized in Afghanistan. It was however believed to be possible to have more focus on the environment in Sida’s work in Afghanistan.

The study shows that environmental issues are not believed to be a necessary component for creating a sustainable development or peace in Afghanistan. The study is arguing that one way to create more focus on environmental issues within the development aid would be to work closer with the humanitarian aid. The thesis was finally presenting an alternative way to look at environment and sustainable development; to focus on the environmental problems of the current generation and by doing so preserving the nature for the future generations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 51 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 321
Keyword [en]
Sustainable development, foreign aid, development aid, humanitarian, Afghanistan, environment, environmental impact, poverty, Sweden, Sida, natural resources
Keyword [sv]
Hållbar utveckling, bistånd, humanitärt bistånd, miljö, Afghanistan, miljöpåverkan, fattigdom, Sverige, Sida, naturresurser
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304464OAI: diva2:1032947
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2016-08-23, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 11:00 (English)
Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-05 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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