Social hållbarhet i den svenska småstaden: Utarbetande av verktyg och fallstudie i Gällivare kommun
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Social sustainability has been part of the sustainability debate in Sweden sincethe 1990s, and the disussions has both implied and excluded that physical aspectsaffect the matter. Recent research strenghtens that there is a connection betweenthe two. Both Swedish and international urban planning research regarding socialsustainability has been implemented on larger cities, but many of the Swedishpopulation are living in small or midsized cities. Social sustainability is about focusingon peoples needs and prerequisities, and therefore there is a need for studiesregarding the matter also in smaller cities. There has been a growing intrest insimplyfing the concept of social sustainability to be able to judge and discuss theidea with governing and active operators within the line of business. This masterthesis seeks to define and study the social sustainability matters within a small citydelimitation. It also seeks to create a useful planning tool. This to be able to clarifyand more exact define contents matter.The master thesis clarifies the meaning of the subject and the connections to thesmall city structure by identifying and study the subject on different levels of research.The overall definition of social sustainability can be said to be based uponseven different main concepts. These are welfare, justice, diversity, social capital,democracy, identity and time. These main concepts can be seemed to relate to sixdifferent main questions that relate to the city´s physical aspects. These main questionsare; simplified movement, nearness, increased integration, meetings betweenpeople, safty and social controll, and room for everyone. A breakdown into thesemain questions simplyfied the study and the assessment of the relation regardinghow the physical structure affect the social sustainability. These two levels ofconcepts were used for the planning tools main structure. The planning tool cantherefore also be used on every small city in Sweden.A pilot study was carried out in Gällivare about the identified main questionsand the physical structure. The pilot project strenghtens that the planning tooldeveloped can clarify och detect both positive and negative affects on the socialsustainability. The pilot project in Gällivare also showed that there is problems thatis specific for the small city structure. The result of the master thesis therefore canbe definied eaqually for all cities on a overall level. At this level social sustainabilityshould be seen as a process where the improvement of the physical structure alwaysshould be done to strenghten the main concepts and main questions identified.The definition of social sustainability for the small city differs on a more detailedscale, contra larger cities. The little spread of the citys settlement creates a narrownessconsidered as favorable. The small number of residence is on the other handconsidered as negative. All cities are different. People are also different. This meansthat the physical prerequises and the expected social outcomes to some extentnever can be generalized. The master thesis cleares that there are connections betweenthe physical environment and the social outcomes and shows how this canadressed for a small city. Exact recommendations can not be implied for all smallcities on the detailed level. Enhanced level of knowledge together with analyticalstudies of the small city in matter need to be done together. The developed planningtool can from that point of view work as a foundation to base the judgmentof other small citys level of social sustainability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 117 p.
Teknik, Social hållbarhet och stadsplanering, den sociala staden, den svenska småstaden, städers fysiska attribut, planeringsverktyg, Gällivare
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58917Local ID: f78a3f03-6b75-4a8c-8616-a4280470614cOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-58917DiVA: diva2:1032305
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Architectural Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20141008 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved