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Environmental impacts of mining: to identify and evaluate environmental impact assessment regulations and environmental management systems
2003 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A mine project may cause extensive environmental damage, and as a result of several recent accidents connected to mining the mining industry has been given a lot of attention in an environmental context. Two of the most important tools for the environmental work are the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which is a legal requirement, and the voluntary tool Environmental Management System (EMS). In this thesis the application of the two environmental tools have been studied in two European countries, Romania and Sweden, with a focus on the mining industry. Sweden is a member of the European Union (EU) and Romania has applied for a membership. Despite EIA being demanded by law in most countries there are no general definitions of the processes or the report. Member countries of the EU must implement the EC Directive on EIA, but countries which are not members have their own legislation concerning EIA. Member countries can also choose different ways of applying the directive on national level. The result is that the environmental legislation is different from country to country in Europe. The differences between Romania and Sweden are however not as large in the requirements of the laws as in the practice of it. The different traditions of the countries and Romania being in a period of transition from national law to EU law are probably among the largest reasons for the differences. The number of certified EMS has increased over the last few years. In Sweden 2730 organisations were certified according to ISO 14001, compared to five organisations in Romania, in December 2002. EMS in mining companies are rare in general, however. It seems that one of the strongest reasons for this is the high costs of implementing an EMS, and not that EMS is a less suitable tool for the mining industry that for other organisations. Especially in Romania the mining companies are in a difficult financial situation, and the voluntary environmental work can not be prioritised... (cont.)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, environmental management, environmental legislation, mining, environment
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58590ISRN: LTU-EX--03/276--SELocal ID: f2d05fad-8424-4e53-8614-a528fc347290OAI: diva2:1031978
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Environmental Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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