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Utmaningen i att förebygga vårdrelaterade infektioner: En fallstudie kring hygienaspekter på en sjukhusavdelning i Västafrika
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to explore the challenge in preventing healthcare-associated infections [HCAI] at a hospital ward in West Africa. Research questions were asked about the performance of standard precautions and influencing factors. The standard precautions studied were: Maintenance of a clean environment, hand hygiene, staff hygiene, personal protective equipment, patient hygiene, management of laundry, decontamination of equipment, use and disposal of sharp items and handling and disposal of waste. The study was conducted as a case study with a qualitative approach. Data collection was semi-structured using participant observations and interviews. The analyze method used was qualitative content analysis with a deductive approach. The result shows the present situation and is presented in two areas; first the performances of standard precautions were shortages in the performance were found within all categories; second influencing factors with three intertwined categories being organization, knowledge and resources. In the discussion the challenge in preventing HCAI is discussed; the performance of standard precautions in relation to the purpose of breaking the chain of infections; and the factors influencing the performance in the light of aspects important for improving the hygiene standard. Preventing HCAI could reduce suffering, promote health and increase well-being of patients and staff.Keyword: healthcare-associated infections, infection prevention, prevention, infection control, standard precautions, influencing factors, patient safety, Africa, developing countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Keyword [sv]
Medicin, vårdrelaterade infektioner, infektions prevention, prevention, infektionskontroll, standardåtgärder, influerande faktorer, patientsäkerhet, Afrika, utvecklingsländer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58399Local ID: efc5660f-cf8d-4033-acd1-57366de8c05aOAI: diva2:1031787
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Nursing, bachelor's level
Validerat; 20130618 (global_studentproject_submitter)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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