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Reglering av utrymningshissar
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

All over the world there are more and more buildings being constructed and more people are moving into cities. For cities to cope with this urbanization, constructors and city planners look for different solutions than just building wider. One solution is constructing taller and taller buildings. Although tall buildings are a smart solution, they create some new problems with safety and security. How to evacuate large crowds from a tall building fast is one problem and it is not easily solved. One option available to facilitate the evacuation is an evacuation elevator.This work has been done to see if there is a demand and a need for new regulations for evacuation elevators in Sweden. To obtain this, the previous rules and standards for different elevators have been clarified. A survey has been made and efforts carried out to, as far as possible, to try to include people who actively work with elevators in different ways and that all the respondents who take the survey in some way deal with elevator security questions. The questionnaire was then coupled with the base from the previous rules used to obtain a result.The results show that there are arguments both ways. The author's view is that it weighs over to the evacuation elevator should obtain their own standard or equivalent to more easily be implemented and become a part of evacuation safety. Especially for people with disabilities the evacuation elevator can become an essential component, but also for the other residents. For residents of high-rise buildings, evacuation elevators have been shown to increase the evacuation speed by up to 25%. Today there is sufficient technology and understanding to dare and try to use evacuation elevators. They have to some extent already begun to and been approved in, for example Victoria Tower in Kista.The survey also showed that it there a lot of technicalities that needs to run smoothly for the evacuation elevator to work and there are some problems in this category. Therefore, the author suggests that there should be more full trials and tests so that the industry can become more confident about how people will act in an emergency, where evacuation elevators is an available option.To early grab regulations around evacuation elevator will eventually make it safer and easier to implement, so that designers do not have to prove its value each time it is used. Both in the literature in the survey, it seems that, emergency elevators will be something to look for in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-57598Local ID: e3faa763-367d-498f-9aee-63d2806b08e6OAI: diva2:1030986
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Fire Protection Engineer, bachelor's level
Validerat; 20140130 (global_studentproject_submitter)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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