Styrketräningens effekter hos barn och ungdomar: Litteraturstudie
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
In recent decades resistance training among children and adolescents is commonly discussed regarding subjects like injuries and the effect. Current recommendation from The Swedish Sports Confederation is that resistance training should be introduced to children at 7-8 years of age. Previous studies has shown effects like damage on the epiphysis, and that low level of sex hormones would result in no growth and lack of increased power. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of various forms of strength training in children and adolescents under 18 years of age and to examine the possibility of systematic bias in the studies. The systematic rewiev was made in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro and Physical education index. The search resulted in 1267 articles, after examination by title, abstract and full text, twelve articles were to be examined and reported in the results. Furthermore, the quality analysis was based on SBU's template for randomized controlled studies. All studies showed an increase of strength regardless which form of resistance training. In contrast, Olympic lifting gave greater strength gains compared with plyometric training, and also increased balance. There is no apparent effect on body composition, though the physical self-perception may increase. The study suggests that strength training in children and adolescents leads to improved strength, increased power and better balance. Strength training can also lead to a general increase in physical activity and better body image. However, the subject requires further research. The recent study also show that there is no increased risk of injury in children and adolescents who practice weight lifting. Thus, strength training should be supervised by someone who is well-versed in technique and the risks of training. The results of this study may have a significant effect for physiotherapists in their treatment of injuries to children and adolescents so that they might instruct the strength training in new ways.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 41 p.
Medicin, barn, ungdomar, styrketräning, effekt
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-55172Local ID: c106e79c-f367-47fb-9417-6ed92e2f921aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-55172DiVA: diva2:1028553
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Physiotherapy, master's level
Validerat; 20150610 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved