Utredning av täckningsgrad vid alternativ placering av brandstationer i Luleå kommun: En GIS-analys av responstid
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The fire department in municipal of Luleå has at present time three fire stations, in Luleå, Gammelstad and Råneå, that serve 75 000 residents on a 2100 square kilometers large area. Large investments need to be done in a near future to either maintain the function of the station in the town center of Luleå or build a completely new one. At the same time the department faces new challenges since the municipality has developed an expansionell working basis, Vision Luleå 2050, with focus on population growth and expansion in the municipal. The fire department has therefore on behalf of the rescue committee, started a project that investigates possible solutions of locating new fire stations. This survey investigates the issue of optimal placement of new fire stations with consideration to drive time. Considering the present localization, the only station that definitely will remain on the same place is the one in Råneå. The purpose is to investigate how different solutions affect the response coverage and if it reaches at least as god capability as the present.Information on how the study should proceed was gathered and an important part of this is to learn from other fire departments. Also a few theses about the subject were studied and a report made by Sundbom (2009) concludes important factors for strategic localization of fire stations. The study also examines Swedish legislation that treats placement for fire stations, one of them is the fairly new Law of protection against accidents. At the moment there are no legislation that in detail control drive time and placement of fire stations. Therefore an old recommendation of response coverage persists to a large extent amongst fire departments.The most important factor in this study is response coverage to the residents in the municipal but also accidents together with risk and protection objects are taken into consideration to determine optimal location. The municipality action program of the fire department highlight three accidents with greater demands on a rapid intervention at rescue operations to save life and they are drowning, traffic accidents and fire in buildings. Inventories of specific objects that need fast intervention from the department were done with human, property and environment in mind. It resulted in 9 risk objects, 15 protection objects and 16 larger and 6 smaller care homes. With consideration of the current population, accidents and specific objects, fifteen new places were identified as candidates for a new fire station. Also the action program and the development of the municipal were taken into consideration. All the information were gathered together and drive analyzes were made by using a geographic information system (GIS). The coverage for response time were set to the comparative parameter and the most important time step that were used was 10 minutes but also time step for 20 and 30 minutes were compared. An assumption was made that the first vehicle travels with the same speed as the speed sign. The current coverage to the residents was established to 82,6 percent within 10 minutes and the corresponding result for an option with a station in Råneå and only one another station in the town center was 75,6 percent. The best result of 89,1 percent was given with four stations.The result shows that an option with only one station in the town center can never reach the same coverage as at present. This will also affect the coverage to the residents, accidents and specific objects in the future. The conclusion is therefore that the municipality still needs an option with two stations in the city district and in the future there probably will be justified to place an additional station in the southern part of municipality since the goal is a large expansion of population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 104 p.
Teknik, Alternativ brandstationsplacering, GIS-analys täckningsgrad, körtidsanalys räddningstjänst, responstid
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-54227Local ID: b328bda2-0927-4f6c-aa2b-992454bb9a69OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-54227DiVA: diva2:1027607
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Fire Protection Engineer, bachelor's level
Validerat; 20131127 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved