Kunskapsöverföring inom projektbaserade organisationer: En fallstudie av två företagsförvärv
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The ongoing globalization means increased competition. Therefore, the need for project-based organizations (PBO:s) to expand to new markets has increased as well and firm acquisitions is the most common way of doing so. Previous studies found knowledge transfer in PBO:s to be an important success factor for acquisitions. Hence, successful knowledge transfer in PBO:s is growing more and more important. At the same time, PBO:s have historically been found lacking in this skill. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate which methods for knowledge transfer PBO:s can use in acquisitions.A case study with an inductive research approach was conducted to find an answer to this question. The case study was conducted at BDX Företagen AB (BDX), where two firm acquisitions were studied. Primary data was gathered through 20 interviews. Secondary data consisting of documents from BDX was also used in the study.The collected data showed that knowledge accumulation took place prior to, as well as during, the acquisitions. Due to limited experience, no routines for the acquisition process had been created prior to Acquisition 1, which meant that BDX personnel had to learn as they went. They did so mainly through working in groups and pairs. BDX then recruited an individual who was very experienced in firm acquisitions in preparation for Acquisition 2, which enabled the establishment of company-wide routines and instructions for firm acquisitions. Those routines were used during Acquisition 2 and led to a more efficiently conducted acquisition. It also led to a decrease in the amount of articulated knowledge transfer in Acquisition 2 compared to Acquisition 1.This study has contributed to the literature in organizational learning by expanding on current literature in knowledge accumulation. Previous studies found knowledge accumulation to be an inefficient way of learning how to handle infrequently occurring situations. This study has, however, found a way to circumvent this problem by recruiting individuals that possess the sought-after experience and knowledge. One can thereby acquire the needed knowledge no matter how frequently the situation occurs within the organization.The study has also contributed with two practical implications for business managers, resource allocators and project managers in PBO:s, in regards to facilitating firm acquisitions by enabling knowledge transfer. The first implication is that the lead time for integrating the acquired firm into the business can be shortened if future managers are involved in the acquisition process. The second implication is that the acquisition process needs to be adapted to the existing amount of codified knowledge. If written routines and instructions are not available, the need for articulation of knowledge is essential. Project managers should then enable team work, meetings and communication throughout the acquisition process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 47 p.
Social Behaviour Law
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik, Projektbaserade organisationer, kunskapsöverföring, företagsförvärv
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-53729Local ID: abbbadeb-483e-41d7-aec3-54196ad774acOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-53729DiVA: diva2:1027105
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Industrial and Management Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20160614 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved