Utrymning ur publika lokaler för hörsel- och synskadade: En fallstudie av bibliotek
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of the report was to from a scientific perspective develop and evaluate the risks for people with disabilities, primarily hearing and visually impaired, in public premises. More than one fifth of the Swedish population suffers from a hearing or visual impairment. Their disability complicates their everyday and social life. Public places and buildings create barriers and in some cases hazards to them. Today Sweden is classified as one of the world’s most equal countries where disability, gender, race or religion doesn’t matter because you should still have the same privileges. This is based among other things on the Instrument of Government which is one of four fundamental laws in Sweden. Another tool in the politic of disability is the UN Standard Rules and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Other legislation concerning the subject is the Planning and Building Act and Building Regulations.Fire protection consists of two types of barriers, soft and hard. The soft represents the organizational fire protection in the form of systematic fire prevention, training of staff, procedures in case of fire, and more. While the hard barriers account for the structural and technical fire protection such as sprinklers, evacuation points, fire compartmentation, and more. Both types require continuous maintenance and updating. All this is done by the human people who in its nature often make errors. This may lead to latent conditions and active failures. In an emergency you see a pattern of human behavior. This information can provide insight into how the fire protection should be constructed to make the evacuation time as short as possible. The evacuation time comprises three phases; perception time, decision and reaction time and transfer time.The work is based on an extensive literature study divided in two areas of focus together with object studies. Based on the object studies conclusions could be made that the level of risk for a hearing or visually impaired person is not acceptable. In some cases, the fire protection is inadequate even for a person without a disability. Based on the theory that has been studied and the site visits made, there are important steps in the fire protection that should be highlighted and reviewed from a disabled person's point of view. The organizational fire protection framework must ensure continuous training and exercise so that procedures should not be forgotten. There should be alarms so that people with disabilities also may be aware of a fire, such as an optical alarm or a vibration alarm. In an emergency, it should be easy to orientate with the the help of handrails, contrast markings and tactile aids. Even the way the building is constructed matter. A logical building is easier to understand and therefore an internal mental map is more easily formed.The planning and construction of public buildings should always take into account that people differ in terms of abilitity. Also existing facilities need continuous improvements. The individual must be in focus and to achieve full participation the entire premises should be considered, not only partly. Terms which are not equivalent can affect a person's social life and how they think of themselves. It can lead to alienation and other social problems. By taking this into consideration, Sweden can become the country which the country's laws prescribe and that other nations look up to.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 56 p.
Teknik, Funktionshinder, hörsel- och synskada, publika lokaler, fråntillgänglighet
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-51385Local ID: 894db8bc-8d63-4758-9880-3ea3bb870bacOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-51385DiVA: diva2:1024746
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Fire Protection Engineer, bachelor's level
Validerat; 20131007 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved