Stegutrymning ur flerbostadshus
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis considers the evacuation of apartment buildings with or without the help of emergency services. A pre-study has been made by Brandforsk; where, among other things, the emergency service as an alternative escape route has been analyzed. The purpose of the pre-study was to investigate the emergency services different rescue opportunities and to investigate the human behavior in case of fire and what kind of rules apply on how a building should be designed. The issue of emergency services as the alternative escape route have been raised by different people. Among other things by pointing out the difficulties regarding staffing. This was also mentioned during the interviews with the four different emergency services. The different fire appliances that are used by the emergency services are fire engines, portable ladders and extension ladders. The issues regarding these are that a height vehicle must align almost exactly with a building and people have a tendency to jump towards the basket and the fireman maneuvering it, instead of waiting until they can safely be evacuated. Portable ladders and the extension ladders take a lot of time and staff, dependent on the weather conditions and time of day. In order to facilitate accessibility to buildings, the property owners should keep the roads properly cleared and have a good accessibility towards the building. If it is too cramped and narrow for height vehicles to access to the houses or navigate narrow alleys, it might be an idea to introduce a similar mini-height vehicle as that of the emergency service in Östermalm. The emergency services sometimes encounter problems such as individuals whom have been evacuated from a building wanting to go back for their relatives. People however behave calmly and quietly when evacuating. It is important for the emergency services to know how people behave in case of fire, in order to perform effective evacuations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 55 p.
Teknik, Utrymning, räddningstjänsten
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-50637Local ID: 7df11011-ccbd-4996-97d5-2ebbcecb9823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-50637DiVA: diva2:1023998
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Fire Protection Engineer, bachelor's level
Strömgren, MattiasLindberg, Ronnie
Validerat; 20130207 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved