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Adsorption properties of synthetic iron oxides: as(V) adsorption on goethite (alpha-FeOOH)
2008 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The iron in the form of hydroxides and oxide-hydroxides are relatively abundant in nature. They are ubiquitous in soils and rocks, lakes and rivers, on the sea floor, in air and in organisms. One of the several applications of the iron oxides is the implementation of the iron oxides as adsorbents of organic and inorganic compounds in the soils and sediments. Iron oxide has been, for instance, proposed for remediation of arsenic contaminated soils due to their adsorption capacity. In the present work, three different iron oxides, goethite, 6-line ferrihydrite and hematite, were synthesized and their adsorption properties were characterized performing BET N2 adsorption measurements. The adsorption capacities of these iron oxides followed the trend: ferrihydrite >goethite > hematite, agreeing with the information found in the literature. As goethite is the most abundant iron oxide in soils, synthetic goethite was chosen as a model system in order to study As(V) adsorption on iron oxides in the soil. The aim of the experiments was to determine adsorption isotherms of As(V) on goethite at different pHs and at room temperature. Unfortunately, the quality of the adsorption isotherms was poor and it was found that the ionic strength is an important factor in order to obtain reliable adsorption data for the system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Physics Chemistry Maths, Arsenic, iron oxides, adsorption
Keyword [sv]
Fysik, Kemi, Matematik
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-50272ISRN: LTU-PB-EX--08/084--SELocal ID: 78973c20-720f-4058-8e65-9b75949594c9OAI: diva2:1023629
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Chemical Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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