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Furniture production for Russian market based on an IKEA concept
2005 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Wood is the most ancient material used by mankind for furniture making. During the ages it was almost completely replaced by new materials like metal, plywood, chipboard, plastic, MDF and some others. But nowadays, as the world has become too filled with different chemicals and harmful substances, people have started to worry about ecological and human-friendly materials. Thus wood has received its "re-birth". The market share of solid wood glued board furniture is increasing every year. However if we take a close look at the Russian furniture market, we will notice that this process is extremely slow in our country because of local stereotypes regarding common furniture appearance which can be clearly seen through IKEA example. IKEA is one of the largest wood producers on the Russian furniture market. Four years ago IKEA opened its first store in Russia. Yet the sales share for solid wood furniture is still much lower than that in Europe. That is why there is a huge need for solid wood furniture products specifically adapted to the Russian market. The main goal of this thesis is to design a factory capable of producing a furniture set made of solid wood which could fit in the IKEA range in Russia. The choice of overall appearance and construction is based on the Russian market research. All technological and environmental requirements are based on internal IKEA specifications. The designed furniture production viability was checked from technological and economical points of view. The well-known “wooden glued board” production system was chosen because it gives an opportunity to increase the yield. The idea is that sawn goods are splitted into planed lamellas in 4-side molder and glued together in pressing machine to get the glued board which can be processed further like a usual board material like chipboard or MDF. Then the CNC router center used to get the non-linear shape of the edges. For finishing the UV-curing line was chosen as the system which can give us the most cheap surface treatment layer. The exact equipment models were chosen according to the needed capacities on the each stage of production process. The whole line is able to produce 45000 pieces of universal furniture unit per year in case of three shifts which corresponds to ~2600 m3 of highly treated furniture. The raw materials needs were calculated using original Russian method which allows taking into account the exact amounts of all wastes on each stage of technological process. The annual sawn goods need was estimated to ~6000 m3. Also all additional need like glue, stains, sealer, lacquer and sanding paper were calculated in purpose to get the real direct production costs. The total factory layout including all additional areas was made based on Russian legislation and hygienic norms. It was needed to calculate annual electricity, water and heat assumption. The final stage of the thesis is the total economical calculation of all costs to carry out during the production of annual program. Taking into calculation all direct and indirect production costs the profitability became 36,5% which is really high figure for Russian market. The IRR of 11,3% and payback time of 4,6 years is also suitable for Russia, so the project appears to be vital and profitable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, solid wood, furniture
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-49663ISRN: LTU-PB-EX--05/07--SELocal ID: 6fa4e7f3-8115-4a9c-b366-77f5d0abfbadOAI: diva2:1023010
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Wood Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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