Pre-movement time and human behaviour: Evacuations in Australia compared to international guidelines
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Pre-movement time consists of recognition and response in a fire incident situation and comprises the interval between the time at which the alarm signal is given and the time at which the decision is made and the person starts evacuation. To manage designing safe buildings the prediction of pre-movement time is an important part in the fire engineering work because of the performance-based Building Code of Australia. To be able to predict the pre-movement time, international guidelines was used as a tool. These guidelines are based on research done in other countries than Australia and it is not known whether they are valid and reliable within Australia. This project was initiated with the purpose to test empirical data from Australia against the international guidelines. It aimed to compare measured times in offices to those predicted by the guidelines and to see how behaviour and actions impact on the time and whether they are consistent with the guidelines. Two drills were attended where the time was measured for the first few occupants to start to move and the last ones to start to move. Comparison was made with a commonly used guideline from the British Standard institute called PD 7974-6:2004. The result showed that for one office the time was slightly shorter than the predicted while the other one was slightly longer. The participant’s behaviour was studied by means of a post-evacuation survey. It dealt with subjects like physical position, interaction with people around, feelings and actions performed before leaving the building. Results regarding behaviour and actions did not give any significant results since the data set was small. The evaluation of the work process has provided suggestions for future studies in the field.This study may be seen as a pilot study showing that more research needs to be done to be able to validate the use of international guidelines within Australia. Conclusively, it was hard to get companies to agree with participating in the research due to shortage of time but it was not hard to get single persons to answer the survey at each location.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 45 p.
Social Behaviour Law
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik, pre-movement time, human behaviour, evacuation, fire, Australia, guideline
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-48973Local ID: 66542aa0-649a-4072-bafc-3bbaaf0d09d6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-48973DiVA: diva2:1022318
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Fire Protection Engineer, bachelor's level
Stratton, BlairDanielsson, Mats
Validerat; 20120401 (anonymous)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved