Hög sjukfrånvaro bland yrkesarbetare inom en kommunal förvaltning i Luleå: En kvantitativ undersökning med fokus på arbetslivsrelaterade faktorer
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze some of the factors that could explain the fact that the level of sickness absenteeism within the department that performs various kinds of professional work in the municipal administration of Luleå is constantly above the target value that is four percent. The main hypothesis was that the work environment has a great significance for these skilled workers health. The correlation between the psychosocial work environment and the employees’ health, the correlation between the physical environment and the level of sickness absenteeism within the department, and the correlation between the performed housework and these patterns of sickness absenteeism were analyzed in order to answer the purpose of the study. Quantitative empirical data collection methods were used based on a questionnaire that was distributed within the department. The quantitative methods that were selected suited well to the study, as all skilled workers within this department were given the opportunity to participate in the survey, which was an advantage for the generalization of the study results. In addition to the survey, it was also required reading of official reports found on the Internet, as well as books and scientific papers found at the university library.Based on the results of the study, it clearly emerges that the psychosocial work environment plays an important role for these employees’ health. There is an unbalance between the workload, the capacity to influence the work process and the difficulty of the tasks, which affects the skilled workers mental health negatively because of their low control over the work. All these aspects generate a high level of stress among the employees and the male skilled workers are much more affected in compare to the rest of the personnel. Women have mostly problems in getting support from their colleagues or foremen, which affects both the way they involve themselves in the work process and their feelings before and during the spell of work. All these aspects increase the level of stress among women and it also generates low job satisfaction and low motivation, which means a high risk for mental illness among them. The results of the study also show that the physical environment has a real importance for the employees’ health, especially for their mental well-being, within the group who felt that the physical environment should be improved in the future. When it comes to variable housework, the correlations that were analyzed in the results section show that it is not housework that has a great significance for the skilled workers health. It is rather variable marital status that mostly matters, and that makes this group of employees to become affected of the so called workload diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 46 p.
Social Behaviour Law
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik, sjukfrånvaro, sickness absenteeism, psykisk ohälsa, förvaltning, tjänsteman, yrkesarbetare, mental health, white-collar worker, skilled worker, administration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-47870Local ID: 55dd3852-8f14-4a50-a8de-c3b8d5e3e68aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-47870DiVA: diva2:1021200
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Sociology, master's level
Validerat; 20150625 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved