Den ohejdade platsen: En studie av gemenskaper på Slakthusområdet i Stockholm
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Today’s society with its neoliberal position has strongly affected the planning ideal. The primary objectiveoften constitutes of economic growth which means an urban planning with focus on marketstrategies. As an effect, the public sector has a close collaboration with private actors, a cooperationthat leads to less transparency in the city planning and more regulations on public places. Beside theeconomic interest, the city has a vision of a just society, two aspects that rarely goes hand in hand.The city becomes more segregated, and this is seen not only geographically but also socio-economically.Through Elinor Ostrom, the notions of commons have been rediscovered. The term consists an alternativeview on how to manage and distribute resources. An approach that is considered more socialand ecological sustainable where the words sharing and together form the basis. The purpose of thisthesis is to study how commons can emerge in an urban context and work as an initial state in urbanplanning.For commons to arise, there has to be places which people can occupy and transform. Results frominterviews done in this thesis indicate an absence of such places. It is often difficult for the generalpublic to understand what kind of place they are at, and in extension be aware their rights. Peoplehave a will to be active and get involved in the creation of places, but are afraid to “do wrong” anddisturb the public order. Furthermore the results show that public spaces no longer embrace all kindof people and that there are few places where the different individuals of the society meet each other.In the work, seven different types of commons are presented, stretching from one that is public andnon-regulated to a more private one. These commons can, among many other things, consist ofcultivation plots, local energy systems, peer-to-peer alternatives and workshops. With the local planas a tool, commons are shown how to constitute a framework and being realized through zoning.However, some of the zoning regulations proposed would bring conflicts with the prevailing constitutions.One of these are the proposed common The unpredicted place, an unregulated place thatwould evolve according to its users. If this zoning regulation would be implemented in the planningprocess it would constitute a conflict with the Swedish Planning and building act and the Publicorder act.The area Slakthusområdet in Stockholm face major changes in the near future with the developmentin its initial state. The defined commons and the proposed zoning regulations are applied as a zoningmap for the development of Slakthusområdet. A proposal that prioritize an alternative way to distributethe city’s resources where the locals are not only seen as mere consumers but co-producers. Aproposal with the aim of creating a more just area where everyone is included.The conclusion of the thesis is that commons seem to possess a numerous of social and ecologicalbenefits. They can offer the locals an alternative to the current societal structure where the market isbeing prioritized. Commons have the ability to form a different way of distributing a city’s resourcesand places where the locals are involved in the creation and management of them both. Throughcommons a more social and ecological city would be able to arise, a city created together with itsinhabitants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 120 p.
Teknik, Gemenskaper, commons, detaljplanering, offentliga platser, resurshantering, stadsplanering, samhällsplanering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-46811Local ID: 46e27b80-5d3c-4e1f-93d9-e2ab27bea68fOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-46811DiVA: diva2:1020126
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Architectural Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20150908 (global_studentproject_submitter)2016-10-042016-10-04Bibliographically approved