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High pressure study of double wall carbon nanotubes
2008 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

High pressure Raman studies were performed in the High Pressure Spectroscopy Laboratory at Luleå University of Technology on Double Wall Carbon Nanotubes (DWCNTs). Laser excitation energies used were 1.96 eV and 2.33 eV. High pressure on the sample was achieved using a Membrane Diamond Anvil Cell (MDAC). Pressure dependence of the tube’s Raman peaks were investigated in the pressure range 0 to approximately 10 GPa. Both radial (RBM) and tangential (G band) modes were investigated during pressure increase. The overall trend of the intensity of the Raman signals is that it decreases when pressure is applied. This behavior is most prominent for the metallic outer tubes. The outer tubes are more affected by pressure than the inner tubes, which are proven by their higher derivative of the Raman peak pressure dependence. Investigating the metallic outer tubes under pressure reveals that some anomaly in the pressure dependence around 5 GPa occur for both RBM and G band. Results show that the Raman peaks of those tubes stop shifting to higher frequencies at approximately 5 GPa and start to downshift until they reach a more or less constant value at elevated pressures. Intensity decrease in this pressure region is also prominent. In order to polymerize DWCNTs a heating system was designed and manufactured. The design was chosen with respect to high temperature treatment of the sample in a MDAC. Since the cell becomes very hot, equipment and laboratory personnel have to be protected and temperatures at critical points have to be measured. Stainless steel was chosen as the main material since it has poor heat conductive properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, Physics, Nanotubes, Carbon, Double Wall, High Pressure, diamond anvil cell, DAC, spectroscopy, raman, scattering, hydrostatic
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-46241ISRN: LTU-EX--08/107--SELocal ID: 3e260192-ae4d-47a7-ae7f-45e4ea48eab4OAI: diva2:1019554
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Engineering Physics, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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