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CFD-analysis of hydrodynamic lubrication of textured surfaces
2003 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

There are countless numbers of lubricated components everywhere in life and an improvement in efficiency would lead to great cost efficiency improvements in many applications. This makes it an area which is subject to a great deal of research. Here, an approach to increase the efficiency in hydrodynamic lubrication is made where the influences from textured surfaces are investigated. Two parameterized geometry types are used as the textured surfaces. A two dimensional fluid domain containing an upper wall with a tangential velocity and a static lower wall containing a groove of the same order of size as the separation of the walls is used. The fluid mechanics is solved using a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method. The effects of geometrical and physical properties of the fluid domains are studied. With an isothermal flow condition and parallel walls the pressure in the fluid domain remains at the reference value. However, by introducing a textured surface, a net pressure build-up is achieved in the domain introducing a load carrying capacity. The most important contributor to this effect is fluid inertia. It is seen that a maximum load carrying capacity exists for a certain value of the groove depth. The flow in the groove can be related to a driven cavity flow phenomenon where the beginning of a vortex development is seen near the maximum load carrying capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, hydrodynamic lubrication, surface texture, surface asperity, CFD
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-44668ISRN: LTU-EX--03/209--SELocal ID: 2711e69e-6554-4392-af8c-3eda88a79bf4OAI: diva2:1017947
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Mechanical Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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