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Försvarsmekanismer i ett nytt land
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

When an individual comes to a new and unfamiliar place, it is normal that he/she don´t know the new area´s symbols, rules, and standards, something that he/she must learn to be able to understand and communicate with his/her environment. This circumstance can lead to irrational behaviors that can prevent "newcomers" to succeed in changing his/her situation to the better and be able to satisfy his/her basic needs. The aim of thesis is how the theoretical blocks can be applied to the immigrant´s reality in Sweden. The theoretical framework consists primarily of George Kelly´s theory (1991), which is about when an individual´s construction system, which means his/her perception of the world can´t be applied to the situations he/she finds herself in, he/she experiences anxiety and it causes him/her to try to come to terms with the incomprehensible reality by using strategies, which by definition are defense mechanisms. These approaches/defense mechanisms has been divided into those that are positive and assist him/her to develope inadequate construction systems and those that are negative and generally means an unhealthy and ineffective strategies. At worst, if the individual fails to get out of the uncontrollable and incomprehensible reality he/she can after persistent failures fall into a helpless state. A questionnaire that measures the relationship between independent variables consisting of language, culture, and social identity and dependent variables positive and negative defence mechanisms were developed and answered by 166 individuals; 99 Swedes , 62 immigrants, and 5 adoptees. The responses were analyzed using the program SPSS. The results show that the studied immigrants have to some extent fallen into a negative behavior strategy, but that is neither related to their lack of the Swedish language, knowledge of the Swedish culture or insights into the Swedish norms of behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Social Behaviour Law
Keyword [sv]
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik, Invandrare, Sverige, försvarsmekanismer, behov, integration
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-43569Local ID: 16fa72f5-9d25-4774-aa1a-3f8d790e4d81OAI: diva2:1016802
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Psychology, master's level
Validerat; 20150518 (global_studentproject_submitter)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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