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Reflektion av solvindsprotoner från månen: Dataanalys av SARA-instrumentet
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The Moon has neither a strong magnetic field nor a dense atmosphere to stand-off the solar wind. However, some areas of the lunar crust are permanently magnetized and several studies indicate that these magnetic anomalies can form mini-magnetospheres, partially deflecting the solar wind.Here, ion data from the SARA instrument onboard Chandrayaan-1 is analyzed, to improve the understanding of the interaction dynamics between the solar wind protons and the Moon.A clear and strong interaction is observed between the solar wind protons and the lunar magnetic anomalies. ~50 % of the incoming solar wind protons are reflected above the strongest magnetic anomalies. An average of ~1 % of the solar wind protons are reflected over the entire lunar far-side.This implies that the regolith in magnetic anomaly areas is partially protected from proton precipitation, and that the near-Moon plasma environment is highly influenced by the magnetic anomalies.Even small (<100 km), weak (<3 nT at 30 km altitude) magnetic anomalies reflect some of the solar wind protons, which is surprising considering the large gyro radius of a proton in such a field. Further studies are required to understand the reflection mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 78 p.
Keyword [en]
Technology, moon, lunar, magnetic anomalies, mini-magnetosphere, crustal field, solar wind interaction
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-43033Local ID: 0f3ca23b-6310-41f5-9eee-4c9b7442d32aOAI: diva2:1016261
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Space Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20110504 (anonymous)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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