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Investigation of stress-strain behaviour of wet paper sheets
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A rise in the production capacity and runnability of paper-web provides an opportunity to increase papermaking industry profits. However, the increase of the speed of a paper machine is accompanied by an increased number of web breaks due to internal stresses, which develops in the paper web, especially in the drying section. The drying process is not momentary, so the time-dependent (rheological) properties of the web affect paper behavior, in particular, the stress relaxation. In this work, the influence of loading force and such pulp properties as water content, composition, and degree of beating on the internal stress development and stress relaxation during drying were investigated. The mechanical properties of hand-made and industrially produced paper (kraft- paper and exercise-book paper) were evaluated prior to and during drying in order to optimize the conditions of the relaxation process. Further, the determination of stress dynamics in the structure of paper during relaxation and drying was carried out. It was determined that the web tension in the drying section should be kept below the value of the loading force in the effective point on the load- elongation curve in order to prevent web breakage. It was shown that the highest relaxation and the lowest increase of the internal stress was observed when the loading force was equal to one third of the breaking force (Fb). At loading of 1/10 Fb the highest stress development during drying took place in the samples with the highest water content. Relaxation had the highest compensating effect on paper with a dryness of 87-90 wt.% when the loading force was equal to one third of the breaking force. Investigation of the influence of beating degree showed that it was more important for the unbleached samples than for the bleached ones. Too fine beating is similar to the chemical effect during bleaching and makes the mechanical properties of unbleached pulp similar to the mechanical properties of bleached pulp. It was conformed that the drying rate affected the development of the internal stress. It was shown that the rate of relaxation and stress development during drying were always higher for the unbleached samples than for the bleached ones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Physics Chemistry Maths
Keyword [sv]
Fysik, Kemi, Matematik
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-42266ISRN: LTU-DUPP--10/116--SELocal ID: 04e1b412-a4eb-455e-b1a2-3ac5191e9c06OAI: diva2:1015485
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Chemical Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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