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Characterization and comparison of new limestone additives for LKAB's pellets according to texture and disintegration properties
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The Swedish mining company LKAB is using limestone as additives for the production of its iron ore pellets. The company is considering five new proposals of limestones since the Nordkalk Company is soon no longer able to provide limestone from the Storugns quarry which is the one that is used today. The first purpose in this study was to characterize and compare these five new limestones in respect to their texture and their disintegration during the transport from the quarry to the final destination in Malmberget, considering the Storugns limestone as a reference material. The second aim was to focus on finding any link between texture and disintegration properties of the limestones. Another intention is that the methodology which is used in this study will help the company to consider new proposals of limestones in the future. Six limestones from the Orsa, Storugns, Stucks, Vasalemma, Verdal and Võhmuta quarries were analyzed by an optical microscopy analysis of the textures. Two types of physical tests were also included in the study: a tumbler test and a breakage test. Six different textures were identified by a qualitative thin section analysis which shows similarities between the limestones from different origins but also a high variability of texture within a same quarry. A more quantitative optical microscopy analysis led to the assumption of both the degree of lithification and the amount of initial micro-cracks for each sample. According to the physical test results, the limestones disintegrate as follows, from the less to the more disintegrated: Stucks (7,6%), Storugns (9,4%), Verdal (10,3%), Võhmuta (11,1%), Vasalemma (11,8%) and Orsa (17,6%). There is no evident textural parameter which is controlling directly the disintegration of limestone. However the samples with a rather high lithification and a rather low fracturing disintegrate less than samples with a rather low lithification and a rather high fracturing. It is assumed that the combination of degree of lithification together with the amount of initial micro-cracks is somehow controlling the disintegration of limestone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, Limestones, disintegration, texture, Dunham classification, lithification, micro-cracks
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-41964ISRN: LTU-PB-EX--10/035--SELocal ID: 00b72eb5-1b20-4190-b3e0-0fe118be9600OAI: diva2:1015180
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Geosciences, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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