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Sintering Mechanism of Magnetite Pellets during Induration
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering. Central Metallurgical Research& Development Institute (CMRDI), Cairo, Egypt.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. Luossavaara-Kiirunavara Aktiebolag (LKAB), Gallivare, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Europe, Sweden has the richest magnetite ore deposits. The mined magnetite ore is ground, beneficiated and pelletized to make the process sustainable and environment friendly. These pellets are subsequently processed in blast furnaces, and hence the optimum pellet quality is of utmost important. Magnetite green pellets are indurated (heat hardened) in either rotary kiln or straight grate induration furnace to attain the quality standards in terms of strength and other metallurgical properties. The quality of magnetite pellet is primarily determined by the physico-chemical changes the pellet undergoes as it makes excursion through the gaseous and thermal environment in the induration furnace. Among these physico-chemical processes, the oxidation of magnetite phase and the sintering of oxidized magnetite (hematite) and magnetite (non-oxidized) phases are vital. Rates of these processes not only depend on the thermal and gaseous environment the pellet gets exposed in the induration reactor but are also interdependent on each other. Therefore, a systematic study has been done to understand these processes in isolation to the extent possible and quantify them seeking the physics.Optical Dilatometer was used in a novel way to design the experiments on single pellets, exposed to different thermal profiles, in order to quantify the sintering of oxidized magnetite and non-oxidized magnetite, independently. Power law (Kt^n) and Arrhenius (푙n(TK(1^n) = ln K' - Q/RT) equations quantifies sintering behavior by estimating three isothermal kinetic parameters, namely – activation energy (Q), pre-exponential factor (K’) and time exponent (n). The values of activation energy and time exponent derived suggests that sintering of oxidized magnetite (hematite) is a single dominant diffusion mechanism, whereas sintering of unoxidized magnetite might be a combination of two distinct mechanisms; one operating at lower temperatures and the other at higher temperatures. The isothermal sintering kinetic equation is also extended to predict the non-isothermal sintering, and validated with the laboratory experiments. This will be further useful in predicting the sintering state of pellets during induration in the plant scale operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Process Metallurgy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39755Local ID: e9e2c0d6-7bf6-4ae5-97b6-c5ac75daba41OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-39755DiVA: diva2:1013273
Conference
International Conference on Process Development in Iron and Steelmaking : 13/06/2016 - 15/06/2016
Note

Godkänd; 2016; 20160616 (kamsan)

Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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