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The environmental implications of depleted uranium in Iraq and the principles of isolating it
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
2014 (English)In: Waste Management and the Environment VII / [ed] C.A. Beribba; G. Passerini; H. Itoh, Southanpton: WIT Press, 2014, 367-376 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Iraq experienced two devastating wars in 1991 and 2003, during which massiveamounts of new weapons and sophisticated manufactured nuclear weaponscalled depleted uranium (DU) were used. DU is a by-product of the enrichmentof natural uranium for nuclear reactor-grade or nuclear weapons-grade uranium. Depleted uranium is chemically identical to natural uranium. During the second Gulf war in 2003 U.S. and British troops used more than 1100 to 2200 tons of DU. As a consequence the ruminants of wars are reported to have seriously affected people and the environment, causing cancer and abnormal birth defects. The water and soil all over most of Iraq is contaminated. There is no strategy, national or international program for cleaning Iraq of DU wastes. Site selection criteria have been suggested for the disposal of radioactive waste but no principle of designing and constructing disposals. The present paper describes a large geological feature, a deep natural depression, which would be useful for isolating DU by isolating it in smectitic Iraqi clay.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Southanpton: WIT Press, 2014. 367-376 p.
Series
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, ISSN 1743-3541 ; 180
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38663Local ID: d1d74cd8-9572-496d-8610-656bd05a694cISBN: 978-1-84564-760-5 (print)ISBN: 978-1-84564-761-2 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-38663DiVA: diva2:1012164
Conference
International conference on Waste Management and the Environment : 12/05/2014 - 14/05/2014
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20140520 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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