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Decreasing complexity of the on-site construction process using prefabrication: a case study
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
2012 (English)In: Proceedings IGLC-20: Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, 18-20 July, San Diego, USA / [ed] Iris D Tommelein; Christine L Pasquire, 2012, 841-850 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Implementing prefabrication is by many seen as means to improve construction in terms of managing variability and productivity. However, regarding Swedish civil engineering works this has not been adequately documented to date. This case study uses Value Stream Mapping (VSM) to document the construction of a semi-prefabricated superstructure. The intention of the project is to investigate if the bridge construction process becomes less complex to manage and control when using prefabrication instead of traditional on-site construction.By relocating parts of traditional on-site construction to a factory, the time spent on site performing traditional work tasks such as constructing formwork, mounting and fixing of rebar and casting concrete, could be decreased. Nevertheless, mapping the process revealed shortcomings such as problems placing the prefabricated beams onto the on-site constructed plate structures and also that clear communication between actors tend to increase in importance when choosing prefabrication as construction method.Results from the VSM show that the semi-prefabricated superstructure, future state, became less complex compared to current state construction and also 75% quicker to construct on-site. By redesigning the bridge to eliminate some of the infant “diseases”, prefabrication will become more common in the future of small bridge construction in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 841-850 p.
Research subject
Structural Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38410Local ID: cccf7970-ac79-41e5-8fd0-5d318b5ff652ISBN: 978-0-7442-1744-5OAI: diva2:1011911
Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction : 18/07/2012 - 20/07/2012
Godkänd; 2012; 20120827 (ojajoh)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, JohanSimonsson, Peter
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