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Health survey of orchestra musicians - a pilot study on jazz musicians in a big band
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
2013 (English)In: Musicians' Health and Performance 1st Nordic Conference 2013, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences , 2013, 24- p.Conference paper, Meeting abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Musculoskeletal pain and psychosocial disorders are wide spread in the adult population and have been reported to be the most common causes for work absenteeism among men and women in Sweden (1). High prevalence of musculoskeletal and psychosocial complaints have been reported among musicians (2, 3). Most previous research have involved classical musicians, music teachers and students, while little is known about the health situation among professional jazz musicians.Objective: The aim was to display the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, hypermobility, health, psychosocial situation and physical activity among professional jazz musicians in a Swedish big band orchestra.Method: Professional musicians in one big band were offered participation. The study had a cross sectional design, where participants completed a questionnaire at one occasion. Musculoskeletal pain was measured with Nordic Questionnaire; hypermobility with a Swedish version of the Five-part questionnaire; health with SF-12; psychosocial factors with Demand-Control-Support questionnaire, SOC-13 and seven Mood adjectives (scoring 0-10), where three adjectives were positive and four negative. Physical activity was measured with IPAQ.Result: Five of ten musicians in the big band orchestra volunteered to participate and all five completed the questionnaire. The participants were all men, 38-50 years of age, playing wind instruments. Two of the five musicians reported pain within the last year and week, localized to neck, shoulder, arm and upper back. None reported inability to play at their regular level due to musculoskeletal symptoms. No general hypermobility was found, i.e., no participant scored two or more on the five part questionnaire. Mean values for SF-12 were 52.1 ±5.5 and 49.2 ±8.7 for PCS and MCS, respectively. Mean values for Demand was 14.8 ±3.0 (7 questions), Control 11.8 ±1.6 (4 questions) and Support 9.4 ±1.9 (6 questions). Mean index score for SOC was 5.5 ±1.9 (with sum of scores divided with number of questions). All three positive Mood adjectives were scored relatively high with mean values ranging 5.8-6.8, while the negative Mood adjectives where scored relatively low with mean values ranging 2.0-3.4. Physical activity at least once a week on high intensity was reported by four participants, while only one performed daily walks with duration of ten minutes or more.Conclusion: A relatively low prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and psychosocial distress where found among the participants. The small group is a major limitation of the study, why generalizations of results are limited. Future research with larger groups of jazz musicians is warranted.References1. AFA Försäkring. Allvarliga arbetsskador och långvarig sjukfrånvaro, 2012. 2. Paarup HM, Baelum J, Holm JW, Manniche C, Wedderkopp N. Prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal symptoms in symphony orchestra musicians vary by gender: a cross-sectional study. BMCMusculoskeletDisord. 2011 2011;12:223.3. Holst GJ, Paarup HM, Baelum J. A cross-sectional study of psychosocial work environment and stress in the Danish symphony orchestras. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 2012 Aug;85(6):639-49.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences , 2013. 24- p.
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37441Local ID: b77483be-2d9b-4151-86c9-d1d4124d8814OAI: diva2:1010939
Musicians´Health & Performance : 1st Nordic Conference 2013. 13/06/2013 - 14/06/2013
Hälsa och prestation vid Musicerande
Godkänd; 2013; 20130627 (ulrroi)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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