Particle pathways during urban snowmelt and mass balance of selected pollutants
2011 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
The pathways and mass balance of selected pollutants, released during the snowmelt process, were investigated for urban bulk snow placed in small, intermediate, and large-scale lysimeters. The results showed that low percentages of TSS (total suspended solids) and heavy metal (Cu, Zn, Pb) loads contained in snow were transported with snowmelt, the rest remained in situ with the particulate residue. The TSS loads transported with snowmelt were 3, 3.4, and 4.8% of the initial TSS mass in the small, intermediate and large lysimeters, respectively. Particulate heavy metal loads transported with snowmelt, during the whole melting process, were measured in the intermediate lysimeter for copper and zinc, and for lead in the large lysimeter. The measured mass loads in snowmelt leaving the intermediate lysimeter were 7.5 and 7.2% for copper and zinc, respectively, and 1.7% for lead leaving the large lysimeter. The remainder of the loads stayed in situ with the particulate residue. The loads transported with snowmelt were independent of the initial TSS and metal concentrations in bulk snow. These findings have implications for siting and operating snow disposal facilities; most of the initial TSS and particulate heavy metal loads can be retained on site, rather than released with snowmelt into the receiving environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Urban Water Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-32682Local ID: 73eff0f4-d23d-449e-af7e-39fe5d330683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-32682DiVA: diva2:1005916
International Conference on Urban Drainage : 11/09/2011 - 15/09/2011
Godkänd; 2011; 20120510 (ysko)2016-09-302016-09-30Bibliographically approved