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Study of the Alpha-Case Layer in Ti–6Al–2Sn–4Zr–2Mo and Ti–6Al–4V by Electron Probe Micro Analysis
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science. GKN Aerospace Engine Systems Sweden.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3661-9262
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Titanium and its alloys are susceptible to oxidation when exposed to elevated temperatures and oxygen containing environments for long exposure times, e.g. in jet engines [1–3]. In such conditions oxygen rapidly reacts with titanium, stabilizing α–titanium and forming solid solution due to the high solubility of oxygen in titanium (14.5 wt.%) [4]. The oxidation results in simultaneous formation of oxide scale on top of the metal and a brittle oxygen enriched layer beneath the scale, commonly referred as alpha–case. Alpha–case layer reduces important mechanical properties such as ductility, fracture toughness, and most severe reduces the fatigue life of jet engine components when subjected to dynamical loadings [5]. Therefore, the alpha-case layer in aerospace applications is usually removed by chemical milling [1–3] or prevented by using vacuum environments and high temperature coatings [1–3,6–9]. In the present study alpha–case in Ti–6Al–2Sn–4Zr–2Mo and Ti–6Al–4V alloys was developed by performing isothermal heat treatments at 700 °C in ambient air for 500 hours. The developed alpha–case layer was evaluated metallographically and by using instrumental techniques. It was found that the alpha–case development is a function of alloy composition and microstructure. The oxygen and the main alloying elements concentration profiles were measured using Electron Probe Micro Analyzer (EPMA) in both alloys. Based on the analysis of the concentration profiles an increase of the amount of alpha phase in the two alloys was found as a result of beta to alpha phase transformation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30019Local ID: 3af2d3e5-da1d-40f4-9b0e-8da7f6e8a854OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-30019DiVA: diva2:1003246
Conference
Materials Science and Engineering Congress : MSE 2014 23/09/2014 - 25/09/2014
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20141124 (birsef)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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