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The effects of surface topography and lack of fusion on the fatigue strength of laser hybrid welds
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
Royal Institute of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mechanics of Solid Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0910-7990
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2009 (English)In: Congress proceedings: ICALEO, 28th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics : November 2 - 5, 2009 - Orlando, FL : Laser Materials Processing Conference, Laser Microprocessing Conference, Nanomanufacturing Conference, poster presentation, gallery, Orlando, Fla: Laser institute of America , 2009, 38-46 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The geometrical aspects of laser hybrid welding before, during and after the process differ from autonomous laser welding and from arc welding. When studying the fatigue behaviour of laser hybrid welded fillet joints we identified that the microgeometry, i.e. the surface ripples can be more critical than the macrogeometry of the weld surface and even than lack of fusion (LOF), which frequently was detected. The plastic replica method was applied to measure the toe radii at the weld edges while the topography was identified by interferometric profilometry. From metallurgical analysis of the joint interface the tendency to LOF can be explained. Stress analysis was carried out by FEA for the complex joint geometry and bending load situation, showing maximum stress on the weld toes, even when including LOF. It was shown that the position and value of the maximum stress depends on a non-trivial combination of the weld geometry, including possible LOF, and the surface topography. Thus it can be explained that at compressive stress conditions LOF does not contribute significantly to the fatigue strength of laser hybrid welds while the surface topography does. Recommendations for defining and in turn avoiding critical geometrical aspects during the welding process are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Orlando, Fla: Laser institute of America , 2009. 38-46 p.
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Manufacturing Systems Engineering; Solid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-28257Local ID: 1fda0270-c89f-11de-b769-000ea68e967bISBN: 978-0-912035-59-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-28257DiVA: diva2:1001452
Conference
International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics : 02/11/2009 - 05/11/2009
Note
Godkänd; 2009; 20091103 (minala)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Alam, Md. MinhajJonsén, PärKaplan, AlexanderHäggblad, Hans-Åke
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