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Bed agglomeration characteristics during fluidized olivine bed combustion of typical biofuels
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
Umeå universitet.
LKAB.
LKAB.
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2011 (English)In: From research to industry and markets: proceedings ; 19th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition ; ICC Berlin, International Congress Center Berlin, Germany, conference 6 - 10 June 2011, exhibition 6 - 9 June 2011 / [ed] Martin Faulstich, Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies , 2011, 1345-1350 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Controlled combustion and agglomeration experiments were conducted during eight hours in a bench– scale bubbling fluidized bed (5 kW) to determine the bed agglomeration tendencies of four different typical biomass fuels, namely: willow, logging residues, wheat straw, and wheat grain distillation residue (DDGS). Olivine and quartz were used as bed materials. Bed material samples and agglomerates were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in combination with energy–dispersive X–ray spectroscopy (EDX), in order to analyse the morphological and compositional changes of coating– / reaction–layers and necks between agglomerated bed particles. Significant differences in agglomeration tendency were found between the olivine and quartz bed material when combusting logging residues- and willow, i.e., biomass fuels with fuel ash rich in Ca and K and lesser amounts of Si. The results reveal no significant differences in bed agglomeration tendency between olivine and quartz during combustion of the two fuels that have relatively high phosphorus (DDGS) and silicon content (wheat straw). Willow and logging residues resulted in relatively continuous layers on the bed particles for both bed materials. The inner (reaction) layer was rather homogeneous whereas the outer coating layer had a more granular structure. The elemental composition of the inner layers around the quartz particles were dominated by Si, K and Ca whereas the inner layers around the olivine bed particles mainly consisted of Mg, Si and Ca. Only discontinuous (outer) coating layers resembling lumps of residual ash particles were formed on the bed particles in combustion of the silicon- (wheat straw) and the phosphorous rich fuel (DDGS). For these fuels no major differences in the elemental composition of the bed particle coatings / agglomeration necks were found between quartz and olivine bed materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies , 2011. 1345-1350 p.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27902DOI: 10.5071/19thEUBCE2011-VP2.2.12Local ID: 17b9bdc0-54d3-4a49-bae3-82f2c55ba372ISBN: 978-88-89407-55-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-27902DiVA: diva2:1001093
Conference
European Biomass Conference & Exhibition : 06/06/2011 - 10/06/2011
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20111019 (ohmmar)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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