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Exploring Swedish local planning authorities' perceptions of standardized housing construction
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8352-2343
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3067-9451
Number of Authors: 2
2015 (English)In: Procs 31st Annual ARCOM Conference: 7-9 September 2015, Lincoln, UK / [ed] Ani Raidén; Emmanuel Aboagye-Nimo, Reading: Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2015, Vol. 2, 1053-1062 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We explore how Swedish Local Planning Authorities perceive standardized housing construction and attempt to use an ideal type typology of institutional logics to describe how Local Planning Authorities make use of the multiple institutional logics available to them. Increased standardization in Swedish housing construction has been suggested as a means to meet the growing need for housing with reasonable rent levels. However, housing contractors that use standardization and repetition of processes and components claim that the variation of requirements set by Local Planning Authorities prevents them from taking full advantage of their standardization. A recent empirical study of standardized housing contractors’ perceptions suggests that Local Requirement Setting, the requirement setting practices of Local Planning Authorities, are interpretational responses to a lack of familiarity with standardized housing construction. Yet, Local Planning Authorities’ perceptions of standardized housing construction have never previously been explored. Empirical material for this on-going study was collected through in-depth exploratory interviews with local planning officers from three municipalities situated in Swedish population growth regions. Findings suggest that Local Planning Authorities perceive potential benefits with standardization, but ultimately expect standardized housing concepts to adapt to local standards for processes and products. In projects with high ambitions for architectural quality standardized housing concepts need to be highly flexible. Conversely, highly standardized housing concepts benefit from project ambitions that favour reasonable rent levels. Therefore, Local Requirement Setting is indicative of a mismatch between the Local Planning Authority’s project ambitions and the standardized housing contractor’s degree of product standardization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reading: Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2015. Vol. 2, 1053-1062 p.
National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Timber Structures
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26868Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84985994812Local ID: 0201108c-de56-47e5-aadf-a77a60becd54ISBN: 978-0-9552390-9-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-26868DiVA: diva2:1000048
Conference
Annual ARCOM Conference : 07/09/2015 - 09/09/2015
Note

Godkänd; 2015; Bibliografisk uppgift: Emerald Research methodology Award; 20150910 (vindak)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Institutional complexity in Swedish built environment regulation: exploring the interface with industrialized house-building
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional complexity in Swedish built environment regulation: exploring the interface with industrialized house-building
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The industrialized house-building movement has emerged as aresponse to recurring criticism of the construction sector. It seeks toemulate management practices prevalent in manufacturing industries,including the use of standardized work processes and building systems.This approach does, however, make industrialized house-buildingcontractors susceptible to unpredictable variations. Swedish localplanning authorities have a legal and democratic mandate to regulatethe built environment within its borders and views variations betweendifferent municipalities as a desirable consequence of a functional localdemocratic system. Meanwhile, industrialized house-buildingcontractors have highlighted variations in regulation of the builtenvironment as obstructive to their intended methods of managing thebuilding process. The aim of this thesis is to increase understanding ofhow local planning authorities make interpretations when regulatingthe built environment and how those interpretations influenceindustrialized house-building contractors and to, within the ongoingresearch process, identify theoretical perspectives suitable for describingtensions in the interface between industrialized house-building andlocal planning authorities. The theoretical frame of reference for thisthesis consists of two major streams of organizational literature:organizational coordination, operationalized though the concept ofcoordination mechanisms, and neo-institutional theory, operationalizedthrough institutional logics and institutional complexity. Theoverarching research strategy is best described as a case study approachinvestigating cases of institutional complexity in regulation of theSwedish built environment. The design consists of one multi-casestudy relying on interviews with representatives of industrializedhouse-building contractors and local planning authorities and onesingle-case study investigating a longitudinal land development processusing a combination of interviews, direct observations and documentanalysis. Findings indicate that local planning authorities faceinstitutional complexity stemming from three semi-compatibleinstitutional logics that each prescribe different roles for planningpractitioners and expectations for their behaviour. As some planningpractitioners are more attuned to particular logics than others, it is difficult to predict, for each given situation, which logic will beactivated. Furthermore, findings indicate that institutional logics can beviewed as coordination mechanisms, thereby highlighting afundamental tension between the coordination preferences ofindustrialized house-building contractors and local planning authorities.This tension causes a lack of accountability, predictability and commonunderstanding resulting in an inability for industrialized house-buildingcontractors and local planning authorities to coordinate theircontributions in the planning and building process. The findings implythat industrialized house-building contractors and local planningauthorities should attempt to acknowledge each other’s participation inand contributions to the planning and building process. The findingsalso highlight the importance of interpretations for regulation of thebuilt environment, which implies that not all sector-wide problems canor need be solved through legislative action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Timber Structures
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66215 (URN)978-91-7583-992-9 (ISBN)978-91-7583-993-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-18, F1031, Laboratorievägen 16, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-10-24 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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