Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Strength and deformation behaviour of snow and snow structures: field and laboratory measurements at Icehotel Jukkasjärvi, Winter 2000 - 2001
Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
2002 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Density measurements, unconfined compression tests, creep tests, beam tests, and measurements of deformations were performed on snow and snow structures that formed the Icehotel during the winter 2000/2001. Results from the unconfined compression tests and creep tests showed that: At -5ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,598 MPa with a snow density of 532 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 3,23·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 5,24·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 524 kg/m3. At -10ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,681 MPa with a snow density of 558 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 1,92·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 1,38·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 518 kg/m3. At -11ºC unconfined compression strength was 0,879 MPa with a snow density of 550 kg/m3. Axial viscosity was 2,16·106 MPa-s and compactive viscosity was 2,79·106 MPa-s with a snow density of 470 kg/m3. Beam tests were performed on snow from a pile of artificially made snow. This type of snow was used to construct the arcs of the Icehotel. Results from the beam tests showed that the snow had a mean density of 510 kg/m3 and that Young's modulus E had a mean value of 335 MPa. At failure mean value of maximum tensile- and compression stress was 0,375 MPa and mean value of maximum shear stress was 0,039 MPa. During the winter 2000/2001 deformations of the church building were measured. Results show that the apex of the arcs actually rose 4 to 8 cm, though the shape of the arcs changed very little. Comparing results from this investigation with results from earlier investigations made on snow with similar densities showed that: Unconfined compression strength was 20 to 40 percent lower. Axial viscosity was similar in all but one test at -10/-11 ºC. Axial viscosity was in all tests higher at -5 ºC. Compactive viscosity was higher in all tests. Results from the beam tests regarding Young's modulus values and tensile strength showed similar results.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2002. , s. 50
Serie
Forskningsrapport / Luleå tekniska universitet, ISSN 1402-1528 ; 2002:13
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Konstruktionsteknik; Geoteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-22522Lokal ID: 3258b660-03b9-11dc-8b31-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-22522DiVA, id: diva2:995571
Merknad
Godkänd; 2002; 20070516 (margjo)Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-29 Laget: 2016-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-24bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Bernspång, Lars
Av organisasjonen

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric

urn-nbn
Totalt: 41 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf