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Surface freezing of water
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
Saint George Tech Ltd.
MAG SOAR S.L., Av. de Europa, 82, Valdemoro.
2016 (English)In: SpringerPlus, E-ISSN 2193-1801, Vol. 5, no 1, 629Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Freezing, melting, evaporation and condensation of water are essential ingredients for climate and eventually life on Earth. In the present work, we show how surface freezing of supercooled water in an open container is conditioned and triggered—exclusively—by humidity in air. Additionally, a change of phase is demonstrated to be triggered on the water surface forming surface ice crystals prior to freezing of bulk. The symmetry of the surface crystal, as well as the freezing point, depend on humidity, presenting at least three different types of surface crystals. Humidity triggers surface freezing as soon as it overpasses a defined value for a given temperature, generating a plurality of nucleation nodes. An evidence of simultaneous nucleation of surface ice crystals is also provided

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 5, no 1, 629
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Atmospheric science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6974DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2196-3Local ID: 54cfb24d-f1a4-457f-b469-e0c5eee8e513OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6974DiVA: diva2:979860
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160607 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved

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