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Mesenchymal stem cells expressing therapeutic genes induce autochthonous prostate tumour regression
IRCCS Osped San Raffaele, Italy.
IRCCS Osped San Raffaele, Italy.
IRCCS Osped San Raffaele, Italy.
IRCCS Osped San Raffaele, Italy.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 50, nr 14, s. 2478-2488Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) as vehicles of therapeutic genes represent a unique tool to activate drugs within a neoplastic mass due to their property to home and engraft into tumours. In particular, MSC expressing the cytosine deaminase:: uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (CD-MSC) have been previously demonstrated to inhibit growth of subcutaneous prostate cancer xenografts thanks to their ability to convert the non-toxic 5-fluorocytosine into the antineoplastic 5-fluorouracil. Since both the immune system and the tumour microenvironment play a crucial role in directing cancer progression, in order to advance towards clinical applications, we tested the therapeutic potential of this approach on animal models that develop autochthonous prostate cancer and preserve an intact immune system. As cell vectors, we employed adipose-tissue and bone-marrow MSC. CD-MSC toxicity on murine prostate cancer cells and tumour tropism were verified in vitro and ex-vivo before starting the preclinical studies. Magnetic Resonance Imaging was utilised to follow orthotopic tumour progression. We demonstrated that intravenous injections of CD-MSC cells, followed by intraperitoneal administration of 5-fluorocytosine, caused tumour regression in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) model, which develops aggressive and spontaneous prostate cancer. These results add new insights to the therapeutic potential of specifically engineered MSC in prostate cancer disease.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 50, nr 14, s. 2478-2488
Nyckelord [en]
Mesenchymal stem cells; Prodrug activating enzymes; Prostate cancer; TRAMP mice; Magnetic resonance imaging
Nationell ämneskategori
Klinisk medicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111273DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2014.06.014ISI: 000341449200012PubMedID: 25060826OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-111273DiVA, id: diva2:755545
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Sanofi; Associazione Amici di URI onlus; Slovak League against Cancer

Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-14 Skapad: 2014-10-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05

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Hedlund, Petter
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Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskningHälsouniversitetetKlinisk farmakologi
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European Journal of Cancer
Klinisk medicin

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