Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Electric field changes generated by the preliminary breakdown for the negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in Malaysia and Sweden
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära. (Åskforskning)
Dept of Physics, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära. (Åskforskning)
Nokia OY, Salo, Finland.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, ISSN 1364-6826, E-ISSN 1879-1824, Vol. 84-85, s. 15-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We present the study of the electric field changes generated by the preliminary breakdown for negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in Malaysia and Sweden concerning the association of slow field changes associated in preliminary breakdown process. We examined the total of 1685 negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes from the total of 39 thunderstorms by recording the slow electric field, fast electric field and narrowband radiation field at 3 and 30 MHz signals simultaneously. Our results show that there is a pre-starting time, i.e. the duration between the first preliminary breakdown pulse and slow field changes starting point, which is found to be after the first preliminary breakdown pulse. The pre-starting time has the arithmetic and geometric mean range from 1.4-6.47 and 1-3.36 ms, respectively. The mean values of pre-starting time in Malaysia are greater than the values observed in Sweden by more than a factor of 3. From the two data sets it shows that the slow field changes never start before the preliminary breakdown. Furthermore, the use of single-station electric fields measurement with high resolutions of 12 bits transient recorder with several nanosecond accuracy allow one to distinguish the slow field changes generated by preliminary breakdown, which preceded the negative first return stroke, between tens to hundreds of milliseconds of pre-return stroke duration.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012. Vol. 84-85, s. 15-24
Emneord [en]
Initiation position, Slow field changes, Close ground flashes, Preliminary breakdown process
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot atmosfäriska urladdningar
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182547DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.04.009ISI: 000308512100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182547DiVA, id: diva2:560078
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-10-11 Laget: 2012-10-11 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07
Inngår i avhandling
1. Characterizations of ground flashes from tropic to northern region
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Characterizations of ground flashes from tropic to northern region
2014 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig) [Kunstnerisk arbeiden]
Abstract [en]

This thesis portrays new information concerning the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flashes or ground flashes produced by thunderclouds. It emphasizes the importance of characterizing lightning studies as the relationship between lightning mechanisms, and of incorporating the influence of geographical location, latitude and storm type. Sweden, Malaysia and USA were chosen as the main locations for field experiments in 2009 to 2011 to gather a significant number of negative and positive CG flashes. This work provided data on a total of 1792 CG lightning flashes (1685 negative and 107 positive ones) from a total of 53 thunderstorms by monitoring both the slow and the fast electric field and the narrowband radiation field at 3 and 30 MHz signals simultaneously. This thesis is comprised of: (i) the relationship of the Low Positive Charge Region (LPCR) and Preliminary Breakdown Pulse (PBP) trains to the occurrence of negative CG, (ii) slow field changes generated by preliminary breakdown processes in positive and negative ground flashes, and (iii) the occurrence of positive and negative ground flashes. It was revealed that the PBP train appeared have a higher strength in the in Sweden. The strength of the PBP train was caused by the LPCR; in contrast,  weak PBP trains were characteristic in tropical countries constituting insignificant LPCR and needing little energy to break the “blocking” agent to allow the flash to propagate downward to the ground. The second contribution concerns the characteristics of the PBP train mentioned; this includes novel information for Malaysia. Further, it is stated that there are some different characteristics in the PBP trains in Johor, Malaysia and Florida, USA. The studies of slow field changes generated by preliminary breakdown processes clarifies unclear features concerning the starting position of slow field changes generated by preliminary breakdown processes in positive and negative ground flashes. It was found that the slow field changes did not occur before the initial process of the commencement of preliminary breakdown. Single-station electric field measurements incorporating narrowband radiation field measurement and high resolution transient recording (12 bits) with an accuracy of several nanoseconds, allows one to distinguish between the intracloud activities and the preceding processes of ground flashes. The results for the interstroke intervals, amplitude distribution of subsequent return-stroke (SRS) and the number of strokes per flash in the tropics, subtropics and northern regions were similar. Finally, a significant number of positive return-stroke (RS) electric fields provided statistically significant information on the characteristics of these strokes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. s. 78
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1145
Emneord
Positive/negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes, Initiation position, slow field changes, close ground flashes, preliminary breakdown process
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot atmosfäriska urladdningar
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-222838 (URN)978-91-554-8946-5 (ISBN)
Disputas
2014-06-03, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 621-2006-4299
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-05-12 Laget: 2014-04-15 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-28

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekst

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Baharudin, Zikri A.Rahman, MahbuburCooray, Vernon
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 514 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf