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Attention Interchanges at Story-Time: A Case Study From a Deaf and Hearing Twin Pair Acquiring Swedish Sign Language in Their Deaf Family
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, ISSN 1081-4159, E-ISSN 1465-7325, Vol. 17, no 2, 141-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This case study longitudinally analyzes and describes the changes of attentional expressions in interchanges between a pair of fraternal twins, 1 deaf and 1 hearing, from the age of 10–40 months, and their Deaf family members. The video-observed attentional expressions of initiating and reestablishing interchange were grouped in 5 functional categories: “getting,” “directing,” “maintaining,” “redirecting,” and “checking” attention. Changes appear to be associated with development during the twins’ ages of 10–13, 15–24, and 28–40 months, including the use of vision in communication. Although there are similarities in the changes of each twin's communicative initiations, there are also differences based on hearing status, personality, and use of modality. This is evident in the ways in which each twin's individual attention interchanges unfold over time; it is also connected with the parents' negotiating attention and arranging “seating positions” with them. Implications and findings for special educational purposes are discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 17, no 2, 141-162 p.
Keyword [en]
bilingualism, cochlear implant, language development, family, sign language, spoken language
Keyword [sv]
teckenspråk, tvåspråkighet, uppmärksamhetsuttryck, fallstudie, tvilling, döv
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Special Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-69403DOI: 10.1093/deafed/enr029ISI: 000302019700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-69403DiVA: diva2:476608
Note

1

Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2013-01-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Signs of Acquiring Bimodal Bilingualism Differently: A Longitudinal Case Study of Mediating a Deaf and a Hearing Twin in a Deaf Family
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Signs of Acquiring Bimodal Bilingualism Differently: A Longitudinal Case Study of Mediating a Deaf and a Hearing Twin in a Deaf Family
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation based on a case study explores the acquisition and the guidance of Swedish Sign Language and spoken Swedish over a span of seven years. Interactions between a pair of fraternal twins, one deaf and one hearing, and their Deaf[1] family were video-observed within the home setting.

The thesis consists of a frame which provides an overview of the relationship between four studies. These describe and analyze mainly storytime sessions over time. The first article addresses attentional expressions between the participants; the second article studies the mediation of the deaf twin’s first language acquisition; the third article analyses the hearing twins acquisition of parallel bimodal bilingualism; the fourth article concerns second language acquisition, sequential bimodal bilingualism following a cochlear implant (CI). In the frame, theoretical underpinnings such as mediation and language acquisition were compiled, within a sociocultural frame. This synthesis of results provides important information; in the 12- and 13-month sessions simultaneous-tactile-looking was noted in interchanges between the twins and their mother; mediation of bilingualism was scaffolded by the caregivers with the hearing twin by inserting single vocal words or signs into the language base used at that time, a finding that differs from other reported studies; a third finding is the simultaneousness in which the deaf child’s Swedish Sign Language skill worked as a cultural tool, to build a second and spoken language.

The findings over time revealed actions that included all the family members. Irrespective of the number of modes and varied types of communication with more than one child, mediation included following-in the child’s initiation, intersubjective meaningfulness and encouragement. In accordance with previous research, these factors seem to promote the acquisition of languages. In conclusion, these findings should also prove useful in the more general educational field.

[1] Deaf with a capital ‘D’ is commonly used for cultural affiliation whereas lower case ‘d’, as in deaf, refers to audiological status (Monaghan, Schmaling, Nakamura & Turner, 2003).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Special Education, Stockholm University, 2013. 89 p.
Keyword
bimodal bilingual acquisition, Swedish Sign Language, spoken Swedish, case study, longitudinal, sociocultural, mediation, interactional, twins, different hearing statuses, cochlear implant, tillägnande av bimodal bilingualitet, tvåspråkighet, svenskt teckenspråk, talad svenska, fallstudie, longitudinell, sociokulturell, mediering, interaktion, tvilling, hörselstatus, cochlea implantat
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Special Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86237 (URN)978-91-7447-625-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-02-15, Konradsbergsaulan, Campus Konradsberg, Konradsbergsgatan 7, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Disputationen tolkas till svensk teckenspråk, hörselslinga finns.

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Accepted. Paper 4: Submitted.

Available from: 2013-01-24 Created: 2013-01-11 Last updated: 2013-02-22Bibliographically approved

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