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A Method for Channel-Bow Indication by Neutron Flux Measurements
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Tillämpad kärnfysik.
(Vattenfall Nuclear Fuel AB)
(Vattenfall AB)
2010 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2010.
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132857OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-132857DiVA, id: diva2:359338
Konferens
PHYSOR 2010 – Advances in Reactor Physics to Power the Nuclear Renaissance
Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-27 Skapad: 2010-10-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Novel Diagnostics and Computational Methods of Neutron Fluxes in Boiling Water Reactors
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Novel Diagnostics and Computational Methods of Neutron Fluxes in Boiling Water Reactors
2010 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The focus in this thesis is to improve knowledge of the BWR related uncertainties void, channel bow, and control rods. The presence of void determines the moderation of neutrons in BWRs. A high void fraction is less efficient in moderating neutrons than a low one. As a consequence, the ratio of thermal to fast neutrons is dependent on the surrounding void fraction. In this thesis, calculations with 2D/3D codes corroborate this dependence, the void correlation, to be linear and very robust to changes in different reactor parameters. The void fraction could be predicted from the ratio of simultaneously measured reaction rates from thermal and fast neutron detectors over the whole core with an uncertainty of ±1.5%. The only parameter found disturbing the void correlation significantly is channel bow. However, since channel bow is the only phenomenon found biasing the void correlation, it is found that the void prediction methodology can be used to indicate channel bow with a sensitivity of 4% per mm bow. Consequently, large channel bows could easily be detected. Increased knowledge of void fractions and channel bow could increase both safety and economy of nuclear power production.

This thesis also investigates how 2D/3D codes used in production perform in calculating detailed impact of control rods on pin powers and their ability to perform control rod depletion calculations in the reflector region. It is found that the axial resolution used in 3D nodal codes has very large impact on pin power gradients, i.e., using a standard nodal size of ~15 cm can cause underestimations of 50% in pin power gradients, which could lead to fuel damages. In addition, two methods for determining the neutron flux in the control rod when it is withdrawn from the core are presented. Both methods can be used in a 3D nodal code to reproduce the neutron flux in the reflector region with an uncertainty of ±3%.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. s. 55
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 786
Nyckelord
Void, BWR, neutron fluxes, channel bow, MCNP, 2D/3D
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133238 (URN)978-91-554-7943-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2010-12-16, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 715Tillgänglig från: 2010-11-23 Skapad: 2010-11-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-03-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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