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God and the moral beings: A contextual study of Thomas Hobbes’s third book in Leviathan
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
2007 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

The question this essay sets out to answer is what role God plays in Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, in the book “Of a Christian Common-wealth”, in relationship to humans as moral beings. The question is relevant as the religious aspects of Hobbes’s thinking cannot be ignored, although Hobbes most likely had rather secular and sceptical philosophical views. In order to answer the research question Leviathan’s “Of a Christian Common-wealth” will be compared and contrasted with two contextual works: the canonical theological document of the Anglican Church, the Thirty-Nine Articles (1571), and Presbyterian-Anglican document the Westminster Confession (1648). Also, recent scholarly works on Hobbes and more general reference works will be employed and discussed. Hobbes’s views provide a seemingly unsolvable paradox. On the one hand, God is either portrayed, or becomes by consequence of his sceptical and secular state thinking, a distant God in relationship to moral humans in “Of a Christian Common-wealth”. Also, the freedom humans seem to have in making their own moral decisions, whether based on natural and divine, or positive laws, appears to obscure God’s almightiness. On the other hand, when placing Hobbes in context, Hobbes appears to have espoused Calvinist views, with beliefs in predestination and that God is the cause of everything. Rather paradoxically it not unlikely that Hobbes espoused both the views that appear to obscure the role of God, and his more Calvinistic views.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. , s. 50
Nyckelord [en]
God, Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), human morality, predestination, free will, theology, “Of a Christian Common-wealth”.
Nationell ämneskategori
Idé- och lärdomshistoria
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113789DiVA, id: diva2:291941
Presentation
(Engelska)
Uppsök
humaniora/teologi
Tillgänglig från: 2010-08-20 Skapad: 2010-02-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-08-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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