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Efficient one-pot synthesis of bis(4-tert-butylphenyl)iodonium triflate
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7975-4582
2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Organic Syntheses, ISSN 0078-6209, Vol. 86, s. 308-314Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2009. Vol. 86, s. 308-314
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29390DOI: 10.1002/0471264229.os086.29OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-29390DiVA, id: diva2:284069
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 621-2006-4027
Merknad

Published on the Web 6/16/2009

Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-01-04 Laget: 2009-08-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Diaryliodonium Salts: Development of Synthetic Methodologies and α-Arylation of Enolates
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Diaryliodonium Salts: Development of Synthetic Methodologies and α-Arylation of Enolates
2011 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes novel reaction protocols for the synthesis of diaryliodonium salts and also provides an insight to the mechanism of α-arylation of carbonyl compounds with diaryliodonium salts.

 The first chapter gives a general introduction to the field of hypervalent iodine chemistry, mainly focusing on recent developments and applications of diaryliodonium salts.

Chapter two describes the synthesis of electron-rich to electron-poor diaryliodonium triflates, in moderate to excellent yields from a range of arenes and iodoarenes.

In chapter three, it is described that molecular iodine can be used together with arenes in a direct one-pot, three-step synthesis of symmetric diaryliodonium triflates. A large scale synthesis of bis(4-tert-butylphenyl)iodonium triflate is also described, controlled and verified by an external research group, further demonstrating the reliability of this methodology.

The fourth chapter describes the development of a sequential one-pot synthesis of diaryliodonium salts from aryl iodides and boronic acids, furnishing symmetric and unsymmetric, electron-rich to electron-poor diaryliodonium tetrafluoroborates in moderate to excellent yields. This method was developed to overcome the regiochemical limitations imposed by the reaction mechanism in the protocols described in the preceding chapters.

Chapter five describes a one-pot synthesis of heteroaromatic iodonium salts under similar conditions described in chapter two.

The final chapter describes the reaction of enolates with chiral diaryliodonium salts or together with a phase transfer catalyst yielding racemic products. DFT calculations were performed, which revealed a low lying energy transition state (TS) between intermediates, which is believed to be responsible for the lack of selectivity observed in the experimental work. It is also proposed that a [2,3] rearrangement is preferred over a [1,2] rearrangement in the α-arylation of carbonyl compounds.

The synthetic methodology described in this thesis is the most generally applicable, efficient and high-yielding to date for the synthesis of diaryliodonium salts, making these reagents readily available for various applications in synthesis.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2011. s. 88
Emneord
Hypervalent Iodine Compounds, One-Pot Synthesis, Regiospecific Synthesis, Aromatic Substitution, Aryl Iodides, Arenes, Boronic Acids, Heteroaromatics, Arylations, Reaction Mechanisms, Density Functional Calculations, Large Scale Synthesis
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54738 (URN)978-91-7447-233-2 (ISBN)
Disputas
2011-04-15, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-03-24 Laget: 2011-02-14 Sist oppdatert: 2011-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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